Rosenhan and Seligman - Definitions of Dysfunctional Behaviour

Amelia S
Flashcards by Amelia S, updated more than 1 year ago
Amelia S
Created by Amelia S over 4 years ago
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A-Level Psychology (Health - Dysfunctional Behaviour) Flashcards on Rosenhan and Seligman - Definitions of Dysfunctional Behaviour, created by Amelia S on 04/11/2016.
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1. Statistical Infrequency Any behaviour that is not seen very often in society Difficult to use on own since behaviours e.g. high IQ and stamp collecting would be encompassed Other behaviours regarded as abnormal may be common e.g. substance abuse - could argue illness is abnormal Has to be more than just numbers
2. Deviation from social norms If society does not approve of a behaviour it is dysfunctional However would make certain ones dysfunctional in some countries but not others e.g. women who wear trousers Has a sense of 'rightness' i.e. society is right, everyone else wrong - If this was true, society would not be changed by forward-thinkers
3. Failure to function adequately Not being able to function in a way that lives independently in society Most useful definition However context of behaviour may influence views - e.g. many people talk to themselves
3. Failure to function adequately [ Ways a person might not be functioning well... ] dysfunctional behaviours ⟶ OCD = person cannot go out due to rituals Behaviours that distress the person ⟶ agoraphobia = not being able to go outside is distressing for the person Behaviours distressing to those who observe ⟶ schizophrenia = a person talking to themselves when sitting next to you Unpredictable behaviour ⟶ Bipolar = dramatic moods swings Irrational Behaviour ⟶ paranoia = person thinks they are being followed
4. Deviation from ideal mental health Psychologists often believe that if you have one thing you must lack the other Still has issues with cultural bias - Jahoda based it off western societies Subjective ⟶ view of clinician whether person has ideal mental health
4. Deviation from ideal mental health [ Jahoda (1958) suggests to have ideal mental health you should... ] - have a positive view of self - be capable of self-growth - be independent/self-regulating - have accurate view of reality - resistant to stress - able to adapt to environments
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