History- Medicine through time key figures

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Key figures in GCSE medicine through time and what they did.

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Question Answer
Vesalius Dissected corpses. Disproved some of Galen's work such as the the jaw being one bone in humans, not two (like apes).
Florence Nightingale Improved hospital in the Crimean War through cleanliness and organisation and set up training schools for nurses.
William Beveridge Wrote the Beveridge Report which contributed to the introduction of the NHS.
Aneurin Bevan Labour Minister for Health. Set up the NHS in 1946 partly due to the Beveridge Report
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Erlich Found the first magic bullet (Salvarson 606) which treated syphilis.
Edwin Chadwick Wrote a report on the health of the poor which led to the 19th Century Public Health Acts.
John Snow Realised cholera was a water borne disease through geographical observation and turned off the Broadstreet Pump which had been spreading cholera in the local area,
Mary Seacole Nurse in the Crimean War who didn't get the funding to join Nightingale. Opened a hotel where a battle was being fought, providing food, drinks, warm clothes, boots, and saddles. She nursed sick and wounded men on the battle field.
Question Text Answer Text
Question Text Answer Text
Pare Used ligatures instead of cauterizing. Discovered a natural ointment made from egg yolks, oil of roses and turpentine instead of boiling oil. This is an example of chance as he had to experiment after running out of oil and found it to work much better.
Louis Pasteur The first to suggest Germ Theory in 1861, discovered using sterile flasks and wine. Proved heat killed germs. Did not link germs to human disease. Discovered chicken cholera vaccine by chance. Discovered vaccine for rabies.
Edward Jenner Developed a smallpox vaccine to replace inoculation. He realised milkmaid who had had cowpox didn't get smallpox and infected James Phipps with cowpox, and after symptoms passed infected him with smallpox which he did not catch.
Florey and Chain Developed penicillin in World War Two, Fleming couldn't as he did not get the funding.
Hippocrates Came up with the theory of the Four Humours which was wrong but logical. Encouraged careful observation and recording. We still use the Hippocratic Oath today: 'I will help my patients not profit from them'.
Herophilus Believed the brain controls the body and identified parts of the stomach.
Harvey Proved the heart pumps blood around the body (blood is not used up) by experimenting on cold blooded animals. He tried to pumps liquids past the valves in the veins but found it wasn't possible to do so.
Robert Koch Started to link diseases to the specific microbe that caused the disease. He experimented with anthrax and found the bacteria that caused it, injecting a mouse to prove his theory. He also identified cholera bacteria.
James Simpson Discovered the anaesthetic chloroform which was opposed at first mostly by Christians who believed pain was God given and should be suffered. It became more accepted and popular after Queen Victoria used it in childbirth.
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