Types of Long term memory


My flashcards about the types of LTM - AQA Psychology
Elise Lambert
Flashcards by Elise Lambert, updated more than 1 year ago
Elise Lambert
Created by Elise Lambert about 8 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Who proposed the idea that there were three types of LTM? Endel Tulving
What are the three different types of LTM? Episodic, semantic, procedural
What are the characteristics for the episodic memory? -A store for personal events -Time stamped -Retrieved consciously
What are the characteristics of the semantic memory? -Knowledge of the world (facts and what concepts mean) -not time stamped -recalled consciously
What are the characteristics of the Procedural memory? -Our memory for knowledge of actions and skills -not time stamped -recalled unconsciously
Who provides clinical evidence that supports Tulving's idea? HM and Clive Wearing
which LTM store was impaired in HM and CW The episodic memory
What could and couldn't HM remember? HM could not remember stroking a dog half an hour earlier, or having owned a dog, but could remember what a dog is.
Which parts of HM and CW's LTM were intact? The procedural memory and the semantic memory
What is another strength that supports Tulving's research? Tulving et al- found activity in the prefrontal cortex.
What side of the prefrontal cortex is the episodic memory said to be located? right hemisphere
What side of the prefrontal cortex is the semantic memory said to be located? Left hemisphere
What is a limitation of looking at amnesia patients? Psychologists do not know what their memory was like before the damage was done.
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