Classic Evidence: Myers & Diener (1995) Methodology & Procedures with Conclusion


Classic evidence Myers & Diener WJEC Psychology AS
Obri Gonzalez
Flashcards by Obri Gonzalez, updated more than 1 year ago
Obri Gonzalez
Created by Obri Gonzalez about 8 years ago

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Myers & Diener Methodology & Procedures Literature Reviews This article is a review of research on topic of happiness in 80's & 90's research exploring Subjective Well-Being (SWB)
Myers & Diener M & P Interviews "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days@?" -Very Satisfied -Not Very Satisfied -Not at all very Satisfied
Myers & Diener M & P Questionnaires Quantitative Numerical representation of happiness.
Myers & Diener M & P Observation One way to discover what people are doing, asking them to report what they are doing at selected times. Beeper reminds Pp's send them message what they are doing - sample people's behaviour.
Myers & Diener M & P Correlation Not always clear what Cause & Effect between happiness. E.g: People w/ high SWB tend to have positive appraisal of life events around them. Or it could be the other way-person tends to see everything through rose-coloured way creating SWB.
Myers & Diener M & P Reviews Study review of other research based on multiple studies. Meta-Analyses
Myers & Diener Conclusion 1) The importance of Adaptation Effects of Positive events fade over time E.g: Lottery winners only experienced short-term increases of happiness.
Myers & Diener Conclusion Effects of Negative events fade over time E.g: Psychological trauma: survived horrific experiences in concentration camps=recover hope & happiness. Viktor Frankl
Myers & Diener Conclusion 1) Longitudinal Study Only events in last 3 months influence SWB.
Myers & Diener Conclusions 2) Cultural World View Cultural attitudes predispose people interpret life events differently.
Myers & Diener C 2) Positive Cultural View Some cultures construe world as benevolent (goodness) & controllable place.
Myers & Diener C 2) Negative Cultural View Other cultures emphasise negative emotions: Anxiety, Anger, Guilt.
Myers & Diener C 3) Values & Goals High SWB have GOALS People w/ high SWB have Goals: -Ambitions -Things are striving to achieve
Myers & Diener C 3) Other Factors to SWB Other factors only matter if relevant to goals. Poorer countries can explain why money & financial freedom/safety seem more relevant.
Myers & Diener C The Future Happiness NOT predicate: Age, Gender, Affluence. Happiness predicate: Race & Culture. Positive people w/ high SWB have closer relationships.
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