Classic Research: Watson & Rayner 1920 Methodology/Procedures with Conclusion


Classic research of Watson & Rayner "Conditioned Emotional Reactions" Methodology/Procedures with conclusion. Psychology AS WJEC
Obri Gonzalez
Flashcards by Obri Gonzalez, updated more than 1 year ago
Obri Gonzalez
Created by Obri Gonzalez about 8 years ago

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Question Answer
Watson & Rayner 1920 Methodology Case study or experiment? 1 Infant (9 months) "Little Albert" NOT Case Study: Only focus on response to conditioning. NOT Experiment: Only 1 condition. Simply "Investigation" to determine effects of certain stimuli.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Methodology Where was it conducted? Conducted in control conditions - well lit dark room. Placed on mattress on top of table - Controlled Observation
Watson & Rayner 1920 Procedures How was it recorded? Recorded w/ motion picture camera
Watson & Rayner 1920 Procedures Emotional Test Test emotional responses w/ objects. White rat, rabbit, dog, monkey, masks w/ w/out hair, cotton wool & burning newspaper. Albert tested w/ loud sound: Striking of hammer upon suspended steel bar (1m length + 2cm diameter) behind head.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Session 1 Establishing a conditioned emotional response 11 months 3 days White rat = Albert began to reach @ that moment bar struck behind head.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Session 2 Testing conditioned emotional response 1 week later: 11 months 10 days Shown rat w/ NO sound = Previous experience affect behaviour? "Joint Stimulation" x 5 w/ loud noise.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Session 3 Generalisation 11 months 15 days Research Q: Learned link between rat & noise would be generalised to other objects. Albert presented: rat, wooden blocks, rabbit, dog seal fur coat, cotton wool & John Watson's hair.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Session 4 Changing Environment 11 months 20 days Emotional response: "Freshened Up" using "Joint Stimulation" New environment = Large well-lit room w/ 4 people present. Table centre of room
Watson & Rayner 1920 Session 5 The Effect of Time 12 months 21 days Been to lab w/out emotional tests conducted. Final test included: Santa Claus mask, fur coat, rat, rabbit, dog & blocks.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Conclusions Ease of "Joint Stimulation" Study demo how easy it was to get conditioned w/ single "Joint Stimulation" & 7 joint stimulations in total maintained a constant fear of furry objects.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Conclusions Who would it only work to? Many phobias acquired this way, but suggests only probable w/ "Constitutionally Inferiors"
Watson & Rayner 1920 Conclusions Freudian View Sucking Thumb when Scared Freud View: For of sexual stimulation Suggest he was wrong W & R View: Form to block fear.
Watson & Rayner 1920 Conclusions Freudian View 20 yrs. in Future Little Albert seek help from Freudian therapist w/ furry objects (seal fur coat) Assume=Albert tried to play w/ mother's pubic hair & was scolded furiously. Thus pushing memory into unconscious mind & continuing to exert effect of fear.
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