Classic Research: Bowlby 1944 Methodology & Procedures with Conclusions

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Psychology AS WJEC *New SPEC* Classic Research Bowlby 1944 Methodology/Procedures with Conclusions. Preparation for exam Summer 2016
Obri Gonzalez
Flashcards by Obri Gonzalez, updated more than 1 year ago
Obri Gonzalez
Created by Obri Gonzalez about 8 years ago
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Resource summary

Question Answer
Bowlby 1944 Methodology Series of Case Studies Control Group but study was NOT an experiment.
Bowlby 1944 Methodology Final Analysis Association between 2 groups of Pp's (thieves & control group) & experiences of observation.
Bowlby 1944 Methodology Focus of Study 44 Thieves 44 children attended child guidance clinic in London. Symptom=Stealing Only few charged < Others too young Sample: 31 Boys & 13 Girls 5-17 yrs.
Bowlby 1944 Methodology Grades of Stealing Grade IV Thieves: (22) Stealing long time Grade I Thieves: (4) Committed only 1 theft.
Bowlby 1944 Intelligence IQ Score (100 mean score) 50% IQ range 85-114 15 Thieves Higher IQ 2 Thieves below 85
Bowlby 1944 Methodology Control Group 44 Children same Clinic hadn't steal Similar Age, Sex & IQ scores But were emotionally disturbed All referred to clinic for emotional problems.
Bowlby 1944 Methodology Mother's Mother's from both groups participated. Mother's were interviewed to assess case histories of children.
Bowlby 1944 Procedures Initial Examination Opportunity Sampling Psychologist gives e/ child mental test to assess intelligence (Binet Scale) + also noted emotional attitude of child.
Bowlby 1944 Procedures Social Worker Social worker @ same time interviewed mother & recorded preliminary details of child early psychiatric history.
Bowlby 1944 Procedures Final Stage Both psychologist & social worker report back to psychiatrist (Bowlby). Then psychiatrist interviewed both mother & child.
Bowlby 1944 Procedures After 2-hour examination Team considered school + other reports & discussed conclusions.
Bowlby 1944 Procedures Therapy Children met psychiatrist weekly for 6 months+ Mother talked problems w/ Social worker Meetings allowed detailed case history be recorded + psychiatrist diagnose children's emotional problems.
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions Children would NOT have become offenders if they had not had experiences that were harmful to healthy development.
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions Psychodynamic View Early experiences are of vital importance in later development. Relationship between mother & child + importance in emotional development.
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions Superego Development Damage to Superego development, leading to reduced sense of right & wrong.
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions Juvenile Delinquency Complex Factors Poverty Bad Housing Lack of Recreational Facilities
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions Which psychodynamic factor has been put into emphasise on? Early childhood experiences.
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions Implications for Treatment If Findings correct... Implication is that treatment should be offered to delinquents. Process extremely SLOW & difficult Earlier Diagnosis = Better Treatment
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions What's the preferable approach? PREVENTION rather than treatment.
Bowlby 1944 Conclusions Prolonged separation of mother & child... May be unavoidable E.g: Case of mother's death/ ill health/ simply social circumstances.
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