Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Respiratory System

angeline martin
Flashcards by angeline martin, updated more than 1 year ago
angeline martin
Created by angeline martin over 6 years ago
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Flashcards on Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Respiratory System, created by angeline martin on 02/16/2014.

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Question Answer
Pulmonary Infiltrate Abnormal substance accumulated in the lungs (found on x-ray)
Wheeze Whistling or sighing sound heard on ausculation that results from narrowing of the lumen - narrowing of bronchial tubes
Strider Obstruction of taking in air- Spasm or swelling in the larnyx
Rhonchus Abnormal breath sound- rattling sound resembles snoring
Pulmonary embolism Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass (clot or plug) of undissolved matter
Pulmonary Edema Swelling in the lung, most commonly caused by heart failure
Pneumoconiosis Abnormal condition by inhaling dust
Pleurisy inflammation of pleural membrane
Pertussis Acute whooping cough
Hypoxia Not enough O2 in the body tissues
Hypoxemia oxygen deficiency in arterial blood
Finger Clubbing Enlargement off the terminal phalanges of fingers and toes- usually associated with pulmonary disease
Epitaxis nasal hemorrhage or nose bleed
Epiglottitis Thumb or leaf shaped flap or structure on top of the larynx- seals off air passage (trachea) to lungs during eating
Deviated nasal septum Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils that causes reduced airflow and sometimes nose bleed
Croup characterized by a "barking cough" - viral infection in young children which causes swelling in airways
Coryza Cold- upper respiratory infection
Cheyne-Stokes Respiration Abnormal repeated breathing pattern- fluctuation in the depth of respiration- first deeply and than shallow, then not at all
Atelectasis Collapsed lung which may be acute or chronic dilation, expansion
Asphyxia condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen
Apnea Temporary loss of breathing, sleep disorder
Anosmia no smell
Acidoses Low PH - excessive acidity of body fluids
Crackle- Rale Abnormal respiratory sounds heard by ausculation, cause by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia- or when air enters moisture filled alveoli (tiny air sacs within the lung)
Tachy- rapid
Eu- Good normal
Dys- bad, painful, difficult
Brady- Slow
Lung Compliance case in which lung tissue can be stretched
Carbon Dioxiide - Co2 Tasteless, colorless, odorless gas produced by bodily cells during metabolism - Also is a waste product of metabolism
Cartilage tough, flexible, connective tissue that supports other tissues of the body
Cilia Hairlike structure used by some cells to move themselves to other things
Diffuse To move or spread out a substance from an area of higher concentration to low concentration
Mucous Membrane Moist tissue lining for hollow organs and cavities of the body that open to the environment; also called mucosa
Oxygen Tasteless, odorless, colorless gas just like Co2 essential for cell metabolism- assists in production of ADP
PH Acidity - symbol that indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity
Septum Wall dividing two cavities
Serous membrane Thin double layer that covers internal body cavities and secretes a fluid that keeps the membrane moist also called serosa - Lubrication
Mucus Slippery secretion produced by mucus membrane
Lipoprotein type of protein that has fat attached to it
Sputum mucus secretions produced in the bronchi and lungs
-thorax chest
-ptysis spitting
-pnea breathing
-phonia voice
-Osmia Smell
-Capina -Carboxy Capina- was referred to as smoke in the past) Carboxy = Co2
Nas/o Rhin/o nose
Sept/o Wall dividing cavitiy
Sinus/o sinus cavity
Adenoid/o Type of tonsils
Tonsill/o tonsils
Pharyng/o Pharnx or throat
Epiglotti/o Above opening of of the vocal cords
Laryng/o Voice box
Trache/o windpipe
Bronchi/o Bronch/o Lungs
Alveol/o Alveolus / air sac O2 to Co2 exchange
Pleur/o Serous membrane around the lung
Pneum/o Pneumon/o air, lung
Pulmon/o lung
Anthrac/o coal dust- particles in the lungs "black lung disease"
Atel/o incomplete, imperfect Example: incomplete expansion of lung
Coni/o Dust
Cyan/o blue
Lob/o lobe- rounded type of divisions
Ortho Straight
Ox/i Ox/o oxygen- O2
Pector/o Steth/o Thorac/o chest
Spir/o breathe
Phren/o diaphram; mind
Throat Culture test to identify streptoccocci
Sweat Test measurement of salt in sweat
Sputum Culture Microbial test on mucus secretion from lungs
Arterial Blood Gas Blood from artery- test measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood
Ventilation - perfusion (VQ) scan Radioactive materials Nuclear test scan that evaluates both air flow (ventilation) and blood flow (perfusion) in the lungs for evidence of a blood clot in the lungs also called a VQ scan- checks blood flow to tissues
Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) Process of recording - x Ray in slices (lungs and vessels) CT scan combined with angiography to produce images
Tracheostomy opening in the neck into the trachea and insert a tube
Thoracentesis surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity; also called pleurocentesis
Septoplasty Nose job- surgical repair of deviated septum
Pheumectomy Excision of a lung or a portion of the lung, commonly done for treatment of cancer
Pleurectomy excision of part of the pleura, usually the parietal pleura
Endotracheal intubation putting tube in the trachea- need assistance in breathing
Spirometry measures breathing capacity of the lungs including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume inhaled
Pulmonary Function Test Evaluate respiratory function, the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane
Postural Drainage drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs
Polysomnography Process of recording sleep cycles and stages
Oximentry Measuring O2 level by the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximentry
Aerosol therapy treatment using air to dispurse medication in the form of mist (breathing treatment)
Mediastinoscopy (middle of sternum) Visual examination using a scope to view the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus and lymph nodes
Laryngoscopy visual examination of the larnyx (voice box) to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities
Bronchoscopy visual exam of bronchus by endoscope
Mantoux Test TB Test
Expectorants Liquefy respiratory secretions so that they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes- prescribed for productive coughs
decongestants constrict blood vessels of nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so the air can pass more freely through the passageways
Corticosteroids act on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions
Bronchodilators stimulate bronchial muscles to relax thereby open airways resulting in increased airflow
Antitussives Relieve or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in the mededulla of the brain
Antihistamines Block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues- histamines cause sneezing, runny nose, itchiness and rashes
Antibiotics Destroy inhibit the growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes
ABG Arterial blood gas
Co2 Carbon Dioxide
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR Cardio pulmonary resuscitation
CXR Chest X ray, chest radiograph
O2 Oxygen
PFT Pulmonary function test
PH degree of acidity or alkalinity
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB Shortness of breath
TB Tuberculosis
URI upper respiratory infection
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