Alfred Wegener and The Continental Drift Theory

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A quiz on Alfred Wegener and The Continental Drift Theory.

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Question Answer
When was he born? He was born in Berlin, Germany on November 1, 1880.
When did he die? Greenland on November 1930.
What was his job? He was a German meteorologist, geophycist, and scientist.
What did he notice with Africa and South America? He noticed that their coastlines on opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean seemed to fit.
What did he realize with the apparent fit of these continents? He realized that the continents had once been joined together and had later separated to form the Atlantic Ocean.
When did he present his theory? He presented it in lecture in 1912.
When did he publish it? 1915
What was his book called? The Origin of Continents and Oceans
What did he call the connected continents? Pangaea
What is Continental Drift Theory? This is the idea that continents moved about the face of the planet.
What motion did this theory contradict? The theory that continents and ocean basins are permanent and stationary features on the face of the Earth.
Who are the scientists that contributed to this theory? Francis Bacon (1660) Antonio Snider (1858) Edward Suess (1904) F.B. Taylor (1910) Alfred Wegener (1915) Alexander Du Toit (1937)
What was it that Francis Bacon Noticed that contributed to the theory? He noticed that the coastlines of Africa and South America had similar matching shapes.
What did Antonio Snider publish and theorized? He published the first map with Africa and South America joined together. He also theorized that they separated during Noah's flood.
What did Edward Suess find out? He found that rock structures on either side of the Atlantic Ocean were very similar.
What disproved Edward Suess' findings? That the rocks on either side of the Atlantic Ocean were explained by the collapse below sea level of a supposed continent in between.
What was the supposed continent called? Atlantis
What did F.B. Taylor envisage or picture? He envisaged a 'mighty creeping movement' of the Earth's crust and collisions with other continents to explain certain mountains across the world.
What was Alfred Wegener's theory called? Continental Displacement Theory which was later changed to Continental Drift Theory.
What was Alexander Du Toit's contribution to the theory? He compiled geological evidence to support it.
How was the Himalayas formed? It was a result of collision between the Indian and Eurasian Plate.
Explain the collision between the Indian and Eurasian Plate. The time pangaea was breaking apart, India started to move northwards then collided with Asia. Part of the Indian landmass began to go beneath which pushed the Asian landmass upwards, creating the Himalayas.
Where can the Alps be found? In Switzerland, Europe
When did it form? When the African and Eurasian Plate collided.
How was it formed? It was formed when the African Plate moved northwards and collided with the Eurasian plate. The collision caused the former sea separating the two plates to be swallowed up.
What was this sea called? Tethys
What were the four evidences Wegener wrote on his book? The Continental Jigsaw Puzzle Fossil Correlation Mountain Correlation Paleoclimate Data
Who was the first map contributor? Anaximander
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