Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

Alexis Ray
Flashcards by Alexis Ray, updated more than 1 year ago
Alexis Ray
Created by Alexis Ray over 3 years ago
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Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt flashcards

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Mesopotamia db72e89b-0cbf-4cff-aba5-dc1296fdde50.jpg (image/jpg) The land located between two rivers; where civilization began; present day Iraq and Syria
Fertile Crescent The region in the middle East which curves, like a quarter- moon shape; Known as the Cradle of Civilazation
Polytheistic (Polytheism) 31ced309-dc6a-440b-8181-b647596cc903.jpg (image/jpg) The belief in MANY Gods; Ancient Sumerians believed in over 3,000 gods
Ziggurat The massive platform that the Sumerians built their religious temples on
Theocracy 33711711-d300-4a09-9371-8552310650c1.jpg (image/jpg) Means "Rule By God"; describes a government where the ruler is thought to be a God ex. ancient Egypt
Cuneiform 1st writing system developed by the Sumerians; " Wedge - shaped writing"
Hammurabi's Law Code (33) e26e12a1-887e-4237-91c4-34eb67af327c.jpg (image/jpg) 1st written laws; given to people of Ancient Babylon by King Hammurabi; very strict laws based on principle of an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth
Patriarchal Describes a society dominated by men
Nile River 9c78f34b-90ba-4661-889e-cdd95d27952e.jpg (image/jpg) The longest river in the world; Egypt is often called "The Gift Of The Nile River"; Egyptians depended on the Nile for everything
Inundation The annual flooding of the Nile River. The flood river leaves behind rich fertile mud.
Silt 50cbf25d-12f9-487f-9532-846bf562fa7d.jpg (image/jpg) Rich black mud left behind from the flooding of the Nile river
King Menes (36) King who united Lower and Upper Egypt around 3100 BC
Dynasty ce7f6728-4747-431d-acdf-c37900e6de0c.jpg (image/jpg) Means "Great House Of"; a family of rulers
Pharaoh Name for Egyptian king
"Ka" Ancient Egyptians thought that when someone died the Ka, or the life force, left the physical body; The Ka could drink and eat, but was stuck in the tomb in the body of a mummy or small statues that were left in the tomb
"Ba" The Ba was part of the soul that embarked on a journey to follow the Gods; the symbol of the Ba is often shown as a bird with a human head and wings
Mummification c928eee2-ebd2-4d6d-905a-b0ddda2d7f6b.jpg (image/jpg) It was very important to ancient Egyptian religious beliefs that the human body was preserved. Their method of preserving the body was called mummification. The process lasted up to 70 days.
Canopic Jars Containers used to hold the internal organs of the deceased that was going to be mummified; the jars had lids shaped as the heads of the 4 Horus
Sarcophagus 1b4585b7-a8ec-4927-81e9-cf243b9b87b3.jpg (image/jpg) A sarcophagus formed the outer layer of protection for a royal mummy, with several layers of coffins nested within , and was often carved out of alabaster.
King Khufu Earned everlasting fame for being the pharaoh responsible for the Great Pyramid at Giza which he built to serve as his tomb
The Great Pyramid ee7b792e-90da-40cf-a87f-69af328d8085.jpg (image/jpg) Largest of the three pyramids at Giza; built by King Khufu; the only monument of the seven Wonders of the Ancient World to survive
King Khufu's Boat Discovered in 1952 buried under the Great Pyramid ;it would be needed to ferry King Khufu's spirit across the sky to be with Ra, the sun God
Great Sphinx 7957757d-51b5-4e72-b4f5-209d80a8fe05.jpg (image/jpg) One of the oldest and largest statues in the world. Archaeologist believe that it was carved around 2500 BC and that the head is meant to be the likeness of the Phoraoh Khafra
Hieroglyphics Egyptian picture writing
The Rosetta Stone c14c47a8-983a-4ade-bbc2-b2d4c5537f51.jpg (image/jpg) A stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic, and greek)
Hyksos (40) Invaded Egypt; and ruled for 200 years; introduced the horse drawn chariot
Hatshepsut 705d638d-9c97-4fd8-a517-0b52c03435cf.jpg (image/jpg) First great woman ruler in history; she ruled Egypt as king not queen. Sculptures and mask show her with a false beard
Akhenaten Rejected the traditional favor of worshiping the Aten, or sun disc, after whom he renamed himself. He closed all the temples to the old gods and obliterated their names from monuments.
King Tut 45c46f1d-03aa-4d1c-85c9-14ab2dac66fa.jpg (image/jpg) Seventeen year old boy pharaoh whose tomb survived untouched by grave robbers; more than 3,000 artifacts discovered in his tomb
Ramses II Rameses the Great reigned 67 years; fathered over 100 children; defeated the Hittites, the other superpower of ancient times; he declared himself a living God
Papyrus 8c7f8c7e-f935-44b2-b353-edac6561a14a.jpg (image/jpg) Reed like plant the grows on the Nile River Ancient Egyptians used to write on
Cultural Diffusion 01c381de-0cb4-42eb-ae21-c1cf86ff688b.jpg (image/jpg) The spreading of ideas from one culture to another culture
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