Ch. 4 ancient greece

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Samaya Hill voc. ch. 4 flashcards world history

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Question Answer
Peninsula body of land on three sides by water EX. Greece
Mt. Olympus The highest mountain in Greece, where the ancient Greeks believed many of their gods and goddess lived.
Crete Largest island off of Greece; the Minoan civilization flourished here from 2700 BC to 1450 BC
Arthur Evans Archeaologist who excaveted Knossos, the palace of legendary king MInos on the island of Crete
Mycenaens Name for the civilization that developed on the Greek mainland; they dominated the whole Greek mainland for about 500 years
Homer Ancient Greek poet. Famous for his epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Poils A city-state in anicent Greece
Athens For many centuries the most powerful of all Greece city-states,capital or present-day Greece
Acropolis A large hill ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in the times of warcitites
Agora A central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
Parthenon A temple to goddess Athena, built on the Acropolis in Athens
Direct Democracy Type of democracy in which Every citizen participates in making laws
Philosophy The study of or search for truth, wisdom, and the right way to live
Polytheism The belief in many gods and goddess
Sparta Largest Greek city-state; focused on fighting and war
Oligarchy government in which a " few" rule; rule by few Ex. aristocracy or plutocracy
Helot A slave in ancient Greek city-state of Sparta
Philosophy Philo-” means love, and “-sophia” means wisdom, so the word “philosophy” really means “the love of wisdom.” Basically, philosophy is thinking about the world and making sense out of it.
Socrates lived from 469-399 BC, was one of the most influential philosophers of all time.
Plato one of Socrates’ most famous students. Socrates didn’t actually write down any of his philosophies or philosophical teachings, so most of what we know about him is through the writings of Plato
Hoplites Greek Soldiers who carried a round shield. A short swaord, and a 9 foot spear
Phalanx a military formation; a wall of shields created by soldier marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation
Sophocles famous greek playwright; he wrote the tragedy, Oedipus the king
Amphitheater Outdoor theater it was open to the sky; the greeks loved drama; one of the most famous amphitheater is Epidaurus.
Socrates Father of philosophy; put on trial for corrupting the mind of youth of Athens; drank poison hemlock
Socratic Method the teaching method invented by Socrates; based on asking question; the point of this teaching style is get student to recognize the truth for themselves
Plato most famous student of Socrates; who wrote about Socrates teaching & trial; established a school known as The Academy
Aristotle was a student of Plato's; he wrote about science, politics, just about everything; he taught Alexaner the Great
Alexaner the Great At 20 years old, he was king of Macedonia, He conquers almost all the known world. He spreads Greek culture at the same time
Hellenistic Age name for time Alexander is king; really refers to the spread of Greek culture, language, ideas, a high piont in Greek history
The Peloponnesian War a long war between the 2 largest Greek city-states Athens & Sparta
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