Muscolo Skeletal System - ANATOMY

Denes Bharati
Flowchart by Denes Bharati, updated more than 1 year ago
Denes Bharati
Created by Denes Bharati over 2 years ago
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Description

The musculoskeletal system consists of muscle tissue, skeleton bones, and the connective tissue that join the two together. Major muscle groups and muscle contraction (they PULL, never push) will be considered.

Resource summary

Flowchart nodes

  • MUSCOLO SKELETAL SYSTEMConsists of bones, joints, and muscles that provide form, support and stability, and the ability to move.
  • MUSCLE TISSUE
  • SKELETON BONES
  • CONNECTIVE TISSUE
  • SKELETAL MUSCLES
  • SMOOTH MUSCLE
  • CARDIAC MUSCLE
  • INTERNAL ORGANSe.g. blood vessels, hair follicles, urinary tract, genital tract, digestive tract.SMOOTH MUSCLE tissue contracts more slowly than skeletal muscle, but for longer periods of time. They are also INVOLUNTARY
  • HEARTis responsible for creating action that pumps blood from the heart to the rest of the body. It is INVOLUNTARY directed by the automatic nervous system.
  • ATTACHED TO BONES BY TENDONS & OTHER TISSUES most prevalent muscles type in the human body, 30-40% of body weight. They are VOLUNTARY as the brain tells them what to do.
  • TENDONS
  • Skeletal muscle fibre connects directly through tissue fibres.
  • LIGAMENTS
  • Bones themselves are bound tightly together with other bones.
  • CARTILAGE
  • Tissue at the ends of bones, preventing bones from grinding against each other.
  • STRIPED
  • STRIATED
  • MAJOR MUSCLE GROUPS
  • 1
  • 2
  • POSTERIOR
  • ANTERIOR
  • (BACK)- erector spinae- rhomboids- gluteals- hamstring- calf muscles
  • (FRONT)- quadriceps- rotator cuff- abdominals- pectoral
  • 3
  • MUSCLE CONTRACTION (MUSCLES PULL: NEVER PUSH)
  • ISOMETRIC (STATIC)
  • ECCENTRIC (LENGTHENING)
  • CONCENTRIC (SHORTENING)
  • AGONIST- primarily responsible for movement
  • ANTAGONIST- counteracts the agonist, lengthening
  • 4
  • MUSCLE ORIGINS & INSERTIONS
  • ORIGIN
  • INSERTION
  • The point where muscle attaches to more stationary of the bones of the axial skeleton.
  • The point where muscle attaches to bone that is moved most.
  • ANATOMY
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