Globalization and Diversity


Team: Mariely Karen Gaxiola Martha Lucia Ivana Murillo Catalina ortiz
Mind Map by Karen Gaxiola, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Karen Gaxiola almost 8 years ago

Resource summary

Globalization and Diversity
  1. Globalization
    1. Affects the geography of people and places in all the globe.
      1. One of the most important challenge of globalizations was 21st century is associated with globalization:
        1. Increasing interconnectedness of people
          1. Converging economic
            1. Political and cultural activities
            2. Economic globalization
              1. Global communication Systems
                1. Transportation systems
                  1. Transnational business
                    1. International financial system
                      1. Market economies and private enterprise
                        1. Economic between poor and rich regions all above the world.
                          1. People who give the powerful economic force.
                            1. Free trade
                            2. Globalization and changing human geographic.
                              1. Globalization has a clear demographic dimension; migration is one of the most important effect of this, year by year the number of people from all the world are increasing because they are crossing borders, this have two sides, the good one is that as a country they maybe increase their economy but the employers are not receiving good payments this cause poverty
                              2. Geopolitics and globalization.
                                1. Globalization is mixed with the politic of each country, after the Cold War many countries made a sobietic union
                              3. World Regional Geography
                                1. Study of Earth´s Surface
                                  1. Human
                                    1. Analysis of economic, social and culture system
                                    2. Physical
                                      1. Climate,land forms,soils,vegetation and hydrology
                                      2. Areal Differentation
                                        1. The differences that distinguish one piece of the world from another
                                        2. Areal Integration
                                          1. The connections between different places and how they are linked . How places interact with another.
                                          2. Regions
                                            1. Formal
                                              1. Aspect of physical form and cultural features.
                                              2. Functional
                                                1. Certain activities and cluster activities
                                                2. Vernacular
                                                  1. People´s mind or spartial stereotypes
                                                3. Cultural LandScape
                                                  1. The visible, material expression of human settlement past and present. It is a marker of cultural values, attitudes and symbols
                                                  2. The Geographer´s Tool Box
                                                    1. Lattitude and Longitude
                                                      1. Parallels
                                                        1. East- West around the globe to locate places north and sourth of the equator
                                                        2. Meridians
                                                          1. North-Pole 90 grades north longitude locate places east or weast of the prime meridian
                                                        3. GPS (Global Positional System)
                                                          1. Time signals sent from your location to a satellite and back to your receiver to calculate the coordinates
                                                          2. Map Projections
                                                            1. Cartographers, the different ways maps are projected into a flat service
                                                            2. Map Scale
                                                              1. The mathematical ratio between the map and the surface area being mapped
                                                              2. Aerial Photos and remote sensing
                                                                1. Electromagnetic images taking from aircraft or satellites
                                                                2. Gis
                                                                  1. Geographic Information Systems data bases are used to analyze a wide range of resourceproblems.
                                                                  2. Map Paterns and Map legends
                                                                    1. Choropleth maps used to depict everything for the most basic representations of topographic and landscapes features to complicated patterns of population , migration,and economic conditions
                                                              3. Population and settlement
                                                                1. People on the land
                                                                  1. Earth has more than 7 billion habitants. Because of the high rate of population in developing countries difficulties dominate discussions of many global issues.
                                                                  2. Population issues
                                                                    1. Countries have very different rates of population.
                                                                      1. The current rate of population is now half the peak rate experienced in the 1960's.
                                                                      2. Population growth and change
                                                                        1. Natural Population Increase (RNI) Rate of Natural Increase: provides the annual growth rate for a country of region as a percentage.
                                                                        2. Population plannings
                                                                          1. some countries have policies like rigid one-or-two child.
                                                                          2. Globalized world issues
                                                                            1. migration, refugees, political persecution, and envirionmental disasters.
                                                                            2. Total Fertility Rate (TFR): Predicts future growth.
                                                                              1. Young and Old Population: shows the proportion of a population about to entre the prime reproductive years.
                                                                                1. Population Pyramids: graphical indicator of a population's age and gender structure.
                                                                                  1. Life Expectancy: indicator that contains information about health and well-being in a society.
                                                                                    1. The Demographic Transition: a conceptualization that tracked the changes in birthrates and deaths.
                                                                                    2. GLOBAL MIGRATION
                                                                                      1. Push and Pull Forces: PUSH; civil strife, envirionmantal degradación, unemployenment. PULL; económic opportunities and health services.
                                                                                        1. 190 million of people live outside the country of their birth, this are desinged as migrants.
                                                                                          1. MIGRATION rates: amount of inmigration and emigración.
                                                                                          2. SETTLEMENT GEOGRAPHY
                                                                                            1. Population Density: the average of population per area
                                                                                              1. Urbanized population: people whom life in urbanized areas
                                                                                            2. Cultural coherence and diversity
                                                                                              1. Cultures accept new cultures that are changing and some hoers resist to change causing the new cultural imperialism like
                                                                                                1. Protest
                                                                                                  1. Gender and Globalization
                                                                                                  2. Censorship
                                                                                                    1. Terroris
                                                                                                      1. Cultural Imperialism
                                                                                                        1. The active promotion of one cultural system at the expense of another.
                                                                                                        2. Cultural Nationalism
                                                                                                          1. The reaction against cultural imperialism, is the process of protect and defend a cultural system.
                                                                                                          2. Cultural Hybridization
                                                                                                            1. The most common product of culture
                                                                                                            2. Culture abstracts and dimensions
                                                                                                              1. Speech
                                                                                                                1. Relligion
                                                                                                                  1. Ideology
                                                                                                                    1. Live Hood
                                                                                                                      1. Technology
                                                                                                                        1. Housing
                                                                                                                          1. Food and Music
                                                                                                                      2. Geopolitical framework
                                                                                                                        1. The term geopolitics is used to describe the link between geography and politics. Geopolitics are focus in the interactivity between political power and territory at all scales from the local to the global
                                                                                                                          1. The Nation-State Revisited
                                                                                                                            1. The notion of sovereignty is closely loinked to the concept of the nation satete.
                                                                                                                            2. Globalization has weakned the vitality of the nation- state.
                                                                                                                              1. Colonialism
                                                                                                                                1. Refers to the formal establishment of rule over a foreign population.
                                                                                                                                2. Decolonization
                                                                                                                                  1. Refers to the process of colony´s regaining control over it´s own territory and establishing a separate independent gevernment.
                                                                                                                                  2. Neocolonialism
                                                                                                                                    1. Many ways that newly independent states like those in Africa, felt the continuing control of Western Power
                                                                                                                                    2. Global Conflict
                                                                                                                                      1. 1) insurgency: armed conflict, rebellious and separatist groups seek independence, autonomy and territorial control. 2) terrorism: violence directed at nonmilitary targets like normal people 3) Counterinsurgency: military responses to terrorism, ranging from the neutralization of terrorist activities.
                                                                                                                                  3. Economic and Social Development
                                                                                                                                    1. The change and development of a country has change dramatically
                                                                                                                                      1. This social and economic unevemess has change in a bad way theres is more poor, in some places they live on less $2 a day.
                                                                                                                                        1. The G8 group has been criticate because they explote the poor countries to obtain products in a low price
                                                                                                                                          1. Economic Growth rates
                                                                                                                                            1. This is messure anualy with the GDP of a country
                                                                                                                                              1. The average annual percent is higher in countries like China, India and Nigeria
                                                                                                                                            2. Human development index consist in the data on life excentacy, literacy, education, gender equality and income.
                                                                                                                                              1. Poverty-mortality
                                                                                                                                                1. People are dying because they incomes is $1 or less a day; data says that under age 5 mortality (1,000) grow population
                                                                                                                                                2. Adult literacy 20% of the world are adults population
                                                                                                                                                  1. Gender Inequality
                                                                                                                                                    1. United Nations says that women are discriminated in terms of employment, empowerment and reproductive helth
                                                                                                                                                3. Global climates and Human impacts.
                                                                                                                                                  1. There are a lot of concepts lo help us understand the global climate and how are we making an impact in it.
                                                                                                                                                    1. Solar energy
                                                                                                                                                      1. the most important factor affecting the world climate
                                                                                                                                                      2. Latitude
                                                                                                                                                        1. depending on which latitude you are, you will fell more, or less the solar intensity.
                                                                                                                                                        2. Land and Water
                                                                                                                                                          1. The difference between these two are that land areas heat and cool faster than the water
                                                                                                                                                          2. Continentality
                                                                                                                                                            1. the degree to which the climate of a region typifies that of the interior of a large landmass.
                                                                                                                                                            2. Global Systems
                                                                                                                                                              1. Global Pressure System
                                                                                                                                                                1. This is a part of the Earth’s atmosphere where there is a higher or lower pressure. This causes winds and storms.
                                                                                                                                                                2. Global Wind Patterns
                                                                                                                                                                  1. The wind pressure over certain areas. There are high and low pressure systems, and the wind usually goes where there is low pressure.
                                                                                                                                                                3. Topography
                                                                                                                                                                  1. Are detailed maps of a certain area, city, or more.
                                                                                                                                                                  2. World Climate Regions
                                                                                                                                                                    1. Difference of weather and climate “The climate is what you expect you are going to get but the weather is what you actually get:”
                                                                                                                                                                      1. Climographs
                                                                                                                                                                        1. It gets high an low temperatures.
                                                                                                                                                                    2. Global Climate Change
                                                                                                                                                                      1. Causes: greenhouse effect consumption of coal and petroleum, human actions.
                                                                                                                                                                      2. Water Scarce
                                                                                                                                                                        1. The globalization of Nature
                                                                                                                                                                          1. Earth has a lot of biodiversity. Some of them are called bioregions that are human and animals together we make an impact to the world.
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