Wake up Dad (sleep apnea)

mohammed mansour
Mind Map by mohammed mansour, updated more than 1 year ago More Less
mohammed mansour
Created by mohammed mansour about 2 years ago
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Mind Map on Wake up Dad (sleep apnea), created by mohammed mansour on 10/21/2017.

Resource summary

Wake up Dad (sleep apnea)
1 Anatomy of URT
2 Neural breathing control centers
2.1 Cerebral control
2.1.1 Voluntary hypoventilation
2.1.2 Voluntary hyperventilation
2.2 Central Control
2.2.1 Medulla
2.2.1.1 Ventral neurons
2.2.1.1.1 Expiration
2.2.1.2 Dorsal neurons
2.2.1.2.1 Nucleus Tractus Solitarius
2.2.2 Pons
2.2.2.1 Lower pons
2.2.2.1.1 Apneustic centers
2.2.2.2 Upper pons
2.2.2.2.1 Pneumotaxic
2.3 Receptors
2.3.1 Chemoreceptors
2.3.1.1 Central
2.3.1.2 Peripheral
2.3.2 Mechanoreceptors
2.3.2.1 Lung stretch receptors
2.3.2.2 Joint + muscle receptors
2.3.3 Irritant receptors
2.3.4 J receptors
3 Snoring
3.1 noisy breathing
3.2 Mechanism
3.2.1 due to vibration of soft palate and its thin edges due to partial air way obstruction during inspiration
3.3 Causes
3.3.1 -Alcohol -Sleep apnea -Sleep position -Sleep deprivation
3.4 TONSILLECTOMY
4 Excessive snoring with intervals of breath cessation and arousals from sleep.
5 Signs and Symptoms
5.1 Nocturnal symptoms
5.1.1 Snoring, Apneas, Gasping and choking sensations that arouse the patient from sleep, Nocturia, Insomnia
5.2 Daytime symptoms
5.2.1 Nonrestorative sleep, Excessive daytime sleepiness, Daytime fatigue, Morning confusion, Mood changes, Hypertension
6 Risk factors
6.1 Excessive weight, Family history, Male gender,
7 Pathophysiology
7.1 Obstruction
7.2 Neurologic
8 Investigation
8.1 Physical examination
8.1.1 Neck circumference, tonsils and tongue, septum and soft palate, blood pressure
8.2 Mallampati Score
8.3 Polysomnography
8.3.1 Records brain waves, oxygen levels, heart rate and breathing, as well as eye and leg movements and sleep noises during the study.
9 Management
9.1 CPAP
9.1.1 It gently blow pressurized air through your airway at a constant pressure that keeps the throat from collapsing.
9.2 Lifestyle
10 Psychological impact
10.1 QOL
10.2 Social life and work
10.3 economic burden
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