personality basic

cutiemcpouty
Mind Map by cutiemcpouty, updated more than 1 year ago
cutiemcpouty
Created by cutiemcpouty almost 7 years ago
98
1

Description

Degree with Hons Personality - DSE 212 Mind Map on personality basic, created by cutiemcpouty on 05/28/2013.
Tags

Resource summary

personality basic
1 Buss & Plomin - temperament
1.1 twins study - monozygotic & dizgotic
1.1.1 looked at 3 dimensions of personality
1.1.1.1 emotionality - how strong the emotional response was
1.1.1.1.1 activity - how energetic the child was
1.1.1.1.1.1 sociability - how much the child wanted to be with others
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 closer correlation with MZ than DZ = temperament has a genetic basis
1.2 study supports the view temperament is innate
1.2.1 MZ twins are identical similar on all 3 levels, DZ are only genetically similare to each other as siblings
1.2.1.1 MZ twins treated the same - correlation could therefore be because of the enviroment/way they are treated rather than the genes.
1.2.1.1.1 cannot be generalised to whole population as not everyone is a twin
2 Eysenck - Trait theories
2.1 believed different personality styles - believed this happened because of the type of nervous system a person had. neurotics = react quickly to stress
2.1.1 for each personality type there are associated traits - punctuality
2.1.1.1 personality types = Extroversion/Introversion/Neuroticism/Emotional stability - 3rd dimension = Psychoticism
2.1.1.1.1 extroversion = looks to outside world for entertainment and people - sociable
2.1.1.1.1.1 under aroused
2.1.1.1.2 introversion - content with own thoughts and ideas - quiet & reserved
2.1.1.1.2.1 over aroused
2.1.1.1.3 neuroticism - highly emotional, quick intense reaction to fear - anxious
2.1.1.2 A personality theory should describe STRUCTURE and DYNAMICS of how the behaviour is produced., Explain why they are always early.
2.2 Study - only described a limited number of personality types
2.2.1 Used questionnaire to test personality. Answers people gave could have been based on mood at the time
2.2.1.1 Believed personality was genetic - does not consider personality can change due to experience.
2.2.1.1.1 most people lie in the middle of the two scales and EVERYONE can be placed on the line
2.3 EYSENCK = 4 INVENTORIES FOR SUPERFACTORS
2.3.1 1 MAUDSLEY PERSONALITY INVENTORY
2.3.2 EYSENCK PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRE = EPQ
2.3.2.1 REVISED TO EPQ - R
2.3.2.2 used to meausre Intro/Extro/Neuroticism ADDED 3RD DIMENSION PSYCHOTICISM
2.3.2.2.1 Most people score low on psychoticism - those with high scores are hostile, aggressive, insensitive and cruel
2.3.2.2.1.1 3 dimensions not linked = separate score for each
2.3.2.2.2 MALES SCORE MORE HIGHLY FOR PSY DUE TO TESTOSTERONE
2.3.3 EYSENCK PERSONALITY INVENTORY = EPI
2.3.3.1 measures introversion & extro, neuroticism & stability
2.3.3.1.1 series of yes & no qus - ans can identify individuals personality
2.3.3.1.1.1 2 dimensions are NOT related so individual can be identified as a stable extrovert, neurotic introvert ect
3 BIOLOGICAL
3.1 BIRTH - TEENAGE
3.2 BIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO STUDYING PERSONALITY LOOKS FOR BIO REASONS/ CAUSES
3.2.1 MOODS / HORMONES/ TEMPERAMENT
4 PERSONALITY DETERMINED BY BIOLOGY + TYPE DETERMINES BEHAVIOUR
4.1 3/4 OF PERSONALITY DIMENSIONS ACCOUNTED BY HEREDITY
4.2 EXIST CROSS CULTURE
5 Personality - Shows how people are different - RELATIVELY STABLE - CONSISTENT OVER TIME - DEVELOPS OVER LIFETIME
5.1 Studied via :
5.1.1 MOSTLY Nomothetic - Scientific / Quantitative
5.1.1.1 Based on Laws of Behaviour and can be generalised to everyone
5.1.1.1.1 STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES - QUESTIONNAIRES
5.1.1.1.1.1 Used to compare people with one another
5.1.2 Idiographic - Qualitative / Uniqueness
5.1.2.1 Case Studies, interviews - reflect uniqueness
6 Different theories = Type. Trait. Factors, Bio.
6.1 TYPE
6.1.1 TRAIT
6.1.1.1 BIO
6.1.1.2 FACTOR = SIMPLIFIED VERSION
7 Personally - Helps us make sense of ourselves and others, Professionally - lets us assess people by groups - schemas or stereotyping- tell if suited to a job
8 FACTOR ANALYSIS
8.1 Aim to SUMMARISE things between variables into a smaller pattern - more generalised.
8.1.1 They describe the IMPORTANT DIMENSION OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
8.1.1.1 Basically A smaller number of FACTORS decribes ALL PEOPLE.. and gives greater FLEXABILITY
8.1.1.1.1 FACTORS :INTRO/EXTRO/NEUROTIC
8.1.1.1.1.1 STATISTICAL TECHNIQUE - showing personality dimensions.
8.1.1.1.1.2 Simplified version of Trait Theory eg lots of traits for trait theory, fewer factors for Factor Analysis.
9 CATTELL - 16 PERSONALITY FACTORS
9.1 CATTELL = FACTOR ANALYSIS to IDENTIFY 16 SOURCE TRAITS = which DEVELOPED 16PF
9.1.1 RELIABLE & VALID
9.1.1.1 CAN BE USED WITH EVERYDAY PEOPLE AND CLINICALLY
9.1.2 TRAITS DEVIDE INTO - COMMON TRAITS + UNIQUE TRAITS
9.1.2.1 This method created 35 PRIMARY/FIRST ORDER TRAITS
9.1.3 Wanted to systematically describe personality
9.2 INDUCTIVE METHOD
10 SOURCE TRAITS
11 COSTA & McCRAE 1992 = BIG 5 = OCEAN - MORE GENERAL MEANING MORE LEVELS OF UNIQUNESS
11.1 O = OPENNESS
11.1.1 C = CONTIENCIOUSNESS
11.1.1.1 E = EXTROVERSION
11.1.1.1.1 A = AGREEABLENESS
11.1.1.1.1.1 N = NEUROTICISM
11.2 RELIABLE & VALID
12 GOLDBERG
12.1 PROPOSED ANOTHER BIG 5 - SEEKS TO DESCRIBE PERSONALITY
12.1.1 SIMILAR TO COSTA & McCRAE EXCWPT HAS INTERLLECT AS A FACTOR INSTEAD OF OPENNESS
12.2 FACTOR 1 = EXTRAVERSION
12.2.1 FACTOR 2 = AGREEABLENESS
12.2.1.1 FACTOR 3 = CONSCIENCIOUSNESS
12.2.1.1.1 FACTOR 4 = EMOTIONAL STABILITY
12.2.1.1.1.1 FACTOR 5 = INTERLECT
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Personality Theories
Jessica Handley
Lord of the Flies major characters
Somto Ibeme
Psych Unit 2 Personality
alexandra.carr
Alfred Adler
Sara Lynn Deese
B2 Personality adjectives
Serena Farr
Personality - Shows how people are different - Different theories = Type. Trait. Factors, Bio.
cutiemcpouty
Personality Test
alexandra.carr
Chapter 1: The Noble Features of Rasulullah s.a.w
Naeema Abbas
AQA GCSE Psychology Personality
Diana Domingues
Chapter 1: The Noble Features of Rasulullah s.a.w
Rahila Irfan
Personality Disorders
Cfarmer2