Religious Language (AO1)

David Bayne
Mind Map by David Bayne, updated more than 1 year ago
David Bayne
Created by David Bayne over 7 years ago
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Description

GCSE A2 Mind Map on Religious Language (AO1), created by David Bayne on 05/31/2013.

Resource summary

Religious Language (AO1)
1 Verification Principle

Annotations:

  • Logical Positivists (Vienna Circle) 2 forms of verifiable language -a priori - a posteriori RL is meaningless because considers things beyond human experience. RL isn't univocal, its equivocal. Ayer proposed strong and weak verification
1.1 Strong

Annotations:

  • No doubt a statement is true, verify using sense experience. Verified in practice and conclusively. We know the meaning of a statement if we know the conditions under which the statement is true or false.
1.2 Weak

Annotations:

  • Some observations relevant to proving true or false but not enough to prove conclusively. Verifiable in principle rather than practice. Verifiable in terms of 'probable' rather than conclusive. Ayer - all talk of God is nonsensical since 'the notion of a person whose essential attributes are non-empirical is not an intelligible notion at all'
2 Falsification Principle

Annotations:

  • Karl Popper challenged methodology of science and argued that it was concerned with falsification rather than verification: theories are considered true until some evidence counts against them
2.1 Antony Flew

Annotations:

  • RL is meaningless This is because there's nothing can count against religious statements. Can neither be proved true or false as believers don't accept evidence to falsify their beliefs. Meaningless = non-falsifiability
2.2 Parable of the Gardener
3 Via Negativa

Annotations:

  • St John of the Cross and other mystics St Augustine, Dionysius
4 Aquinas & Analogy
4.1 Proportion

Annotations:

  • we understand human power and this helps us understand God's power.
4.2 Attribution
5 Ramsey
5.1 Models
5.2 Qualifiers
6 Tillich
6.1 Symbols
7 Myth
7.1 Aetiological myths
8 Wittgenstein
8.1 Language games
9 Braithwaite
9.1 Moral discourse
10 RM Hare

Annotations:

  • RL still has meaning because it influences the way people look at the world.
10.1 blik
11 Hick

Annotations:

  • Can really only verify the existence of life after death when we experience iife after death
11.1 Eschatological verification
12 Basil Mitchell

Annotations:

  • Religious statements are not neutral hypotheses. Religious believer displays an attitude of trust or faith. Religious belief can continue often when there is contrary evidence.
12.1 Parable of the Freedom Fighter
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