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Bandura's Social Learning Theory


Psychology Mind Map on Bandura's Social Learning Theory, created by Cameron Langfield on 06/01/2013.
Cameron Langfield
Mind Map by Cameron Langfield, updated more than 1 year ago
Cameron Langfield
Created by Cameron Langfield about 9 years ago

Resource summary

Bandura's Social Learning Theory
  1. Learning by observation develops early in development: as early as 14 months
    1. Television violence has been seen to "model" children to be more violent
      1. Assumptions of this theory:
        1. People are active agents
          1. Emphasizes cognitive processes
            1. Language ability
              1. Observational learning
                1. Purposeful behaviour
                  1. Self-analysis
                  2. Emphasizes social processes
                    1. Behaviour is situation specific
                      1. Reciprocal determinism
                      2. Bandura was interested in…
                        1. Behaviours acquisition vs performance
                          1. Acquisition reinforcement not essential
                            1. Performance reinforcement essential
                            2. Stages in observational learning process
                              1. Attention
                                1.  To learn, you need to be paying attention 
                                  1. Pay attention eg: if model is interesting or novel = positive effect on learning 
                                    1. Not pay attention eg: distracted, not interesting = negative effect on learning
                                    2. Retention
                                      1. Store information
                                        1. The ability to pull up information later and act on it is vital to observational learning
                                        2. Reproduction
                                          1. Perform the behaviour you observed 
                                            1. Further practice of the learned behaviour leads to improvement and skill advancement
                                            2. Motivation/Reinforcement
                                              1. You have to be motivated to imitate the behaviour that has been modeled
                                                1. Reinforcement and punishment play an important role in motivation (either directly experienced or observing someone else be reinforced/punished – vicarious conditioning)
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