Cognetive development

Zeneatha Jònsson
Mind Map by Zeneatha Jònsson, updated more than 1 year ago
Zeneatha Jònsson
Created by Zeneatha Jònsson over 6 years ago
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University Psychology 144 (Chapter 4) Mind Map on Cognetive development, created by Zeneatha Jònsson on 08/26/2014.

Resource summary

Cognetive development
1 Jean Piaget
1.1 sensorimotor stage:
1.1.1 the stage of development that occurs from birth to 2 years, when infants gain knowledge about their environments through increasing ability to coordinate their sensory input with motoractivity
1.1.2 Primary circular reactions- the 1st sub stage in the sensorimotor stage, where the infants repeat actions they find pleasurable
1.1.3 Secondary circular reactions - the 2nd sub stage of the sensorimotor stage where infants become aware of their actions & realize that their actions produce interesting changes in the enviroment
1.1.4 Coordinates secondary circular reactions - the 3rd sub stage of sensorimotor stage, were infants combine a n umber of schemas in order to produce desired effects
1.1.5 Tertiary circular reactions - the 4th substage of the sensorimotor stage, where infants 12-18 months use trail & error experimentation to see what will happen
1.1.6 Symbolic representation - the 5th sub stage of the sensorimotor stage, where infants 1-2 years plan actions based on imagined realities
1.2 Reflex schemas - primitive reflexes babies are born with to ensure survival
1.3 Deferred imitation - when infants are able to imitate an action some time after it has been observed
1.4 Object permanence - the realization that an object or person continues to exist even when no longer visible
1.5 preoperational stage:
1.5.1 the stage of development between 2-7 years, where children use symbolic thought but not the cognitive operations necessary for logical though
1.5.2 transductive reasoning - preoperational reasoning in which children reason from one particular event to another
1.5.3 conservation - the principle that quantities remain the same despite changes in their appearance
1.5.4 centration - the tendency of children to focus only on one aspect of an object or situation
1.5.5 irreversibility - a child's inability to mentally reverse perceived actions
1.5.6 egocentrism - the tendency of children to view everything from their own perspective
1.5.7 animism - the thought process whereby human-like qualities are attributes to inanimate objects
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