1 Equity theory is an extension of SET it states that people strive to achieve FAIRNESS in theor relationships and feel
distressed if they sense unfairness. Any sort of inequality has the potential to create distress, for example, if you think you
are giving all your time to raise your children and your partner is not sharing enough of the household income with you. If a
partner recieves alot and gives little they experience dissatisfaction; the greater the percieved inequality the greater the
dissatisfaction. It is possible for each partner to contribute different amounts to a relationship and for it still to be equitable.
2 Aslong as each recieves an equal amount on reward for their costs they
are happy. Sometimes one partner will put in more, however, over time
the other partner will probably also pit in more sometimes, thereofre
equaing things out. If things do not work out the realtionship may end.
3 Walster et al. (1978); created a theory of equity, believed there
was four parts to an equitable relationship; 1. profit- rewards
maximised,costs minimised 2. Distribution - partners negotiate to
achieve fairness 3. The greater the potential unfairness the
greater the dissatisfaction 4. Realigment - if partners make
attempts to re-establish equity the relationship will continue
4 Yum et al. (2009) studied six different cultures to determine how
culture changes the different strategies that couples use to maintain a
relationship. Found the equitable couples used the most strategies to
keep the realtionship working AND that effect was true in all cultures.
5 Argyle (1977) found that people only begin to
look at the balance of rewards and costs in a
relationship when they are becoming disatisfied
with the relationship. When both partners are
happy it is rare for an individual to look at the
equity status of the relationship
6 Hoschild and Machung (1989) found that
equity was more important to females
than it was to males; Males would often
notice if a relationship was inequitable.
Issues of generalisability to both genders