1.1 - Global patterns of food consumption

RoryFlynn2
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

A-level Geography G3 (Food) Mind Map on 1.1 - Global patterns of food consumption, created by RoryFlynn2 on 06/03/2013.

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RoryFlynn2
Created by RoryFlynn2 over 6 years ago
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1.1 - Global patterns of food consumption
1 Higher income, urbanisation, demographic shifts, improved transportation and consumer perceptions regarding safety and quality mean global food consumption is changing
1.1 Changes in food consumption = more trade and changes in composition of world agriculture trade
2 Prices between developed and developing countries varies
2.1 As developing countries get higher income
2.1.1 Meat demand increases
2.1.2 Increased import of livestock feed
2.2 Diet diversification + higher demand for better quality labour saving products
2.2.1 Increased imports of high value processed food products
3 Consumer groups in developed countries brought animal welfare and organic production of food to attention
3.1 As a result, public and private sectors now have mandatory quality control, management and assurance schemes (However don't always work)
4 Fasted growing sector of food trade is process consumer goods
4.1 Pastry, prepared foods and chocolate have grown in world trade by nearly 10% per year over past 15yrs
4.1.1 Accounts for more than $15 billion in world trade - exceeds world wheat trade
4.1.1.1 Wheat, corn, coffee and cocoa beans account for most trade in bulk commodities
5 Per capita consumption of coffee, milk, eggs and red meat has declined significantly during past 30 yrs
5.1 Consumption of cheese, soft drinks, poultry increased
6 Ability to buy food is a primary factor in GFC
6.1 Consumers in high-income countries such as US spend large share of food budget on meat
6.2 Low income such as Kenya - cereal is more predominant
6.3 As income levels rise - more diverse diet
7 Better trade and transport improved food availability and quality
8 Lifestyle changes relating to urbanisation change
8.1 2030 - 6/10 people will live in an urban area
8.1.1 Fast paced more affluent dual income households
8.1.1.1 Higher value more processed food with smaller prep time
9 Once basic needs are met demand for good quality increases
9.1 Increased hugely in developed countries in recent yrs as consumers develop a conscience and media scrutiny highlights issues
9.2 Led to many more organic products available in supermarkets

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