1 The cognitive model is a
psychological model perceiving
mental disorders as due to negative
thoughts and illogical beliefs.
2 The cognitive model was created
by Aaron Ellis and Albert Beck as a
challenge to the behavioural model.
3 The cognitive model perceives mental disorders as
being due to distorted and irrational thought
processes, which are referred to as cognitive errors.
4 The cognitive triad is the three types of illogical
thought processes which result in irrational, negative
feelings about oneself and lead to depression.
5 The cognitive triad:
5.1 1. Negative feelings about
themselves ('nobody loves me').
5.2 2. Negative feelings
about the future ('I will
always be useless').
5.3 3. Negative
6 Armfield asked participants to visualise a
spider. The participants were then
assigned to different conditions of how
dangerous/predictable the spider was and
how much control they had of the situation.
6.1 Those who believed the spider
was dangerous and
unpredictable, and believed
they could not get away scored
highest on fear of spiders.
6.1.1 This suggests
that it is our
are to anxiety,
supports that many
from anxiety and
depression do not
7.2 It is
it says that a
their own fault
for having the
8.1 Rational emotive
8.1.1 Also known as the
184.108.40.206 A - Activating event.
220.127.116.11.1 Patients record
18.104.22.168 B - Beliefs.
with the event
e.g. "I'm stupid
22.214.171.124 C - Consequence.
feeling upset or