Contemporary Approaches

Kailee Tindale
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Psychology Mind Map on Contemporary Approaches, created by Kailee Tindale on 06/04/2013.

Kailee Tindale
Created by Kailee Tindale over 6 years ago
Psychology subject map
Jake Pickup
Bowlby's Theory of Attachment
Jessica Phillips
The Biological Approach to Psychology
Gabby Wood
Physics P1
Phoebe Drew
1PR101 2.test - Část 9.
Nikola Truong
History of Psychology
Biological Psychology - Stress
Gurdev Manchanda
Psychology A1
Ellie Hughes
Memory Key words
Sammy :P
Psychology | Unit 4 | Addiction - Explanations
Contemporary Approaches
1 Genes
1.1 Nature vs Nurture
1.1.1 Twin studies Identical twins (100% of genes shared) approximately 46% variation in personality, opposed to fraternal twins (share approx 50% of genes) showed approximately 23% variation
1.2 Genetic make up of a person contributes to the devlopment part of the individuals personality
1.2.1 Genes account for approximately 50% of given traits
1.3 Genes increase the risk of personality disorders
2 Anatomy of the central nervous system
2.1 Eysenck
2.1.1 Model of personality Based on the results of factor analyses of responses on personality three demensions of eprsonality: extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism Extraversion Extraverts are sociable and active, they enjoy meeting people and going to parties Extraverts described as showing low levels of cortical arousal, while introverts were seen as over-aroused Extraverts more sensitive to reward - (introverts more sensitive to punishment) Neuroticism Reflecting differences in the intensity of emotional experiences It might be expected that individuals high in neuroticism might be more likely to use drugs in order to reduce or avoid negative emotional states Psychoticism Refers to a personality pattern typified by aggressiveness and interpersonal hostility Individuals high on psychoticism are tough-minded, non-conformist, willing to take risks and may engage in antisocial behaviour Measure traits related to anxiety and depression Trait relates to pschopathy/antisocial personality disorder
3 Biochemistry
3.1 Hormones
3.1.1 Testosterone a sense of separateness aggression and risk-taking sex drive (not touch affection) and sexual fantasy anxiety or energy leading to poor concentration assertiveness and self-confidence visual-spatial ability and interest in moving objects violent, criminal, or psychotic behaviour
3.1.2 Estrogen a stable mood and a sense of well-being feminine sexual behaviour neuron growth and improved cognition
3.1.3 Vasopressin influences male social and sexual behaviour, public communication, and paternal pattern
3.1.4 Oxytocin promotes touching, affection and bonding
3.2 Neurotransmitters
3.2.1 Serotonin system Nueroticism/Harm Avoidance
3.2.2 Dopamine system Conscentiousness/novelty seeking
3.2.3 Norepinephrine system Extraversion/Reward Depenance
3.2.4 Epinepherine system Agreeableness/Persistance
3.2.5 Histamine system Openess/ Rebelious-conformity/ self-directedness

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