Personality Testing

Kailee Tindale
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Psychology Mind Map on Personality Testing, created by Kailee Tindale on 06/06/2013.

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Kailee Tindale
Created by Kailee Tindale over 6 years ago
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Personality Testing
1 Objective
1.1 Self-report questionaires
1.1.1 A method which involves asking a participant about their feelings, attitudes, beliefs etc
1.1.1.1 Weaknesses
1.1.1.1.1 Patients might also simpy be mistaken or misremember the material covered by the survey
1.1.1.1.2 Patients may exaggerate symptoms in order to make their situation seem worse, or they may under-report the severity or frequency of symptoms in order to minimise their problems
1.1.1.1.3 Social desirability bias
1.1.1.1.4 Subjective
1.1.1.1.4.1 Researchers bias
1.1.1.1.4.2 Answers open to interpretation
1.1.1.1.5 Misunderstanding of the question
1.1.1.2 Strengths
1.1.1.2.1 Participants can describe experiences in their own words (therefore more detailed and in-depth data)
1.1.1.2.2 Large quantities of data can be collected quickly and easily (from a large number of people as well)
2 Projective
2.1 TAT (Thematic Apperception Test)
2.1.1 Evaluate a person's patterns of thought, attitudes, observational capacity, and emotional responses to ambiguous test materials
2.1.1.1 In addition to assessing the content of the stories that the subject is telling, the examiner evaluates the subjects manner, vocal tone, posture, hesitations, and other signs of an emotional response
2.1.2 Ambiguous materials
2.1.2.1 a set of cards that portray human figures in a variety of settings and situations
2.1.3 The subject is asked to tell the examiner a story about each card that includes the following elements: the event shown in the picture; what has lead up to it; what the characters in the picture are feeling and thinking; and the outcome of the event
2.1.4 Very Subjective
2.2 Rorschach inkblot
2.2.1 Consists of a series of ten inkblots
2.2.1.1 Participants asked to describe what they see
2.2.2 Complex scoring systems are used to interpret the subjects' responses
2.2.2.1 Scores are based on various characteristics of responses, such as the originality of the response and the area of the blot described in the response
2.2.3 Provides information about the subjects' personality traits and the situational stresses the subject may be experiencing
2.2.4 Subjective - open for interpretation
3 Gordon Allport
3.1 He had lots of questions and trawled through dictionaries
4 Cattell
4.1 16 factor personality test
4.1.1 His personality test consists of 164 statements about yourself, for each indicate how accurate it is on the scale of 1 (disagree) to 5 (agree)
4.2 Cattell found that variations in human personality could be best explained by a model that has 16 variables (personality traits), using a statistical procedure known as factor analysis
4.2.1 Warmth, Reasoning, Emotional Stability, Dominance, Liveliness, Rule-Consciousness, Social Boldness, Sensitivity, Vigilance, Abstractedness, Privateness, Apprehension, Openness to Change, Self-Reliance, Perfectionism, Tension
5 McCrae & Costa
5.1 Big Five - OCEAN
5.1.1 Big Five personality traits are five broad domains or dimensions of personality that are used to describe human personality
5.1.1.1 Openness, conscienciousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism
5.1.1.2 Beneath each factor, a cluster of correlated specific traits are found (eg extraversion includes such related qualities as gregariousness, assertiveness, excitement seeking, warmth, positive emotion)
5.1.2 Comprehensive, empirical, data-driven research finding
5.2 Refined the 16 factors to 5

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