Glycolysis

Daniel Elandix G
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

Biochemistry Mind Map on Glycolysis, created by Daniel Elandix G on 06/10/2013.

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Daniel Elandix G
Created by Daniel Elandix G over 6 years ago
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Glycolysis

Annotations:

  • Glucose Degradation Comes in 2 phases, Preparation Phase and Payoff Phase Provides 5% of the total energy Yield of the human body.
1 Glucose

Annotations:

  • C6H12O6
1.1 Glucose-6-phosphate (G6P)

Annotations:

  • ATP turns to ADP Catalysed by Hexokinase
1.1.1 Fructose-6-Phosphate (F6P)

Annotations:

  • Phosphoglucose Isomerase, changes/permutate the structure. Note that this process is reversible.
1.1.1.1 Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (F1,6bisP)

Annotations:

  • Phosphofructokinase (Rate limiting Step) Utilize one ATP to ADP
1.1.1.1.1 Intermediate

Annotations:

  • Adolase will break the fructose 1,6-bisphosphate into 2 possible isomers
1.1.1.1.1.1 Dihydroxyacetone phosphate

Annotations:

  • Formed by Triose Phosphate
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (GAP)

Annotations:

  • Formed by breaking by adolase and using triosephosphate isomerase of dihydroxyacetone phosphate End of Preparation Phase
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Pay off Phase Start

Annotations:

  • From here on, it is the pay off phase.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 1,3- Biphosphoglycerate

Annotations:

  • Oxidation of GAP to 1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate. Utilize one NAD+ to NADH and H+ Needs Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase This process is reversible.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 3-phosphoglycerate

Annotations:

  • Uses phosphoglycerate Kinase with Mg2+ One Unit of ATP formed form 1 unit of ADP. Process is reversible
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 2-phosphoglycerate

Annotations:

  • Uses Phosphoglycerate mutase and Mg2+ Process is reversible
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Phosphoenolpyruvate

Annotations:

  • Dehydration. Uses Enolase as a catalyst Process is reversible
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Pyruvate

Annotations:

  • Final Form. ADP turns into ATP Utilize pyruvate kinase with Mg2+ and K+ Process is irreversible.
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Citric Acid Cycle (TCA)
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 Lactate (Homolytic Fermentation)
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.3 Ethanol Production (Alcoholic Fermentation)
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.4 One ATP formed
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 One ATP formed
1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 One NADH produced with 1 H+
1.1.1.1.1.2
1.1.1.1.2 Another ATP used
1.1.2 1 ATP used

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