1.1.1 The Indian Subcontinent stretches almost 2,000 miles from north to south
126.96.36.199 India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives,
Nepal and Bhutan
1.2 The subcontinent is separated from the
rest of Asia by the towering Himalayas
and the gigantic Hindu Kush, the two
mountain that ranges to the north
2 River Systems
2.1 The Indus River flows across the northwestern part of the
2.1.1 To the east of the Indus, the Ganges river stretches more than
1,500 miles across the northern part of the subcontinent.
188.8.131.52 Its floods created a huge, fertile plain which is suitable for
2.2 The Indus and the Ganges River
3.1 The Indian subcontinent has a tropical
climate. Most of the year, the land is very
hot. Monsoons, help shape life in this
3.2 During winters, little rains fall.
The wet winds provides water
for the crops and a break from
the intense heat.
4 Government and Religion
4.1 The Indus Valley showed a surprising level of planning. They
all used a common system of weights and measures
4.1.1 This suggests that the Indus Valley people had a strong central government.
Yet no royal statues or tombs have been found. This makes it seem unlikely
that kings ruled the Indus Valley.
4.2 Religion is another part of the civilization about which
very little is known. Scholars have found no obvious
temples and a clear sign of priests.
5.1 After the settlement of india's Vedic Age, The Aryans
and the Indians followed their Caste System
5.1.1 The Brahmins (Priests) were on top, the Kshatriyas (Rulers and
Warriors) are next, then comes the Vaishyas (Landowners, bankers,
merchants), next are the Sudras (Farmers, laborers and servants) and
lastly, the Dalits (people who performed dirty jobs, sometimes considered
6.1 There are a lot of mysteries yet to be discovered of the Indus Valley, the
Writing, the Language, the Government and so many varieties of their every day
lives, and of course, their disappearance
7 The Indo-Aryans
7.1 By 1500 B.C another group of people were living in the Indus Valley. They called themselves
Aryans. THe Aryans had their own way of mostly, everything.
7.1.1 The theories and views regarding the origins of the Indo-Aryans are
numerous. Some claims that the Aryans were invaders and were
nomadic warriors, some says they were simply just India's original
inhabitants. But there are even wider varieties taken by historians.
7.2.1 Since not many cultures are found in the
Indus Valley people, the cultures we
mention will be more of indo-Aryans
184.108.40.206 The Aryans composed the Vedas. Each Veda is a collection of
hundreds of sacred hymns. Priests memorized and sang as well as
chanted these Vedas to call upon gods to make the people's
offerings. Typical offerings might be barley, butter, or milk.
8.1 The Indus Valley Civilization
was a resourceful place, their
system of trade is successful