Identity, Democracy and Justice. Understanding our Role as Citizens

Carina Storm
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Past Paper - June 2013 - OCR

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Carina Storm
Created by Carina Storm about 1 year ago
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Identity, Democracy and Justice. Understanding our Role as Citizens
1 Past Paper - June 2013 - OCR
1.1 SOURCES OF LEGAL ADVICE AND SUPPORT
1.1.1 Through the legal and justice system:
1.1.1.1 Solicitors
1.1.1.2 Lawyers
1.1.1.3 A law centre
1.1.1.4 The Police
1.1.2 Through a trade union
1.1.2.1 Employer's Association
1.1.2.1.1 Membership Organisation
1.1.3 Through insurance companies
1.1.4 Rights and Advice websites and help lines
1.1.4.1 YouthNet
1.1.4.2 Which?
1.1.4.3 Childline etc
1.1.5 Rights and advice groups
1.1.5.1 Citizen's Advice Bureau
2 RIGHTS SPECIFIC TO A POLICE OFFICER. A POLICE OFFICER HAS THE RIGHTS TO:
2.1 Expect co-operation from citizens, and be treated with respect
2.2 Stop anyone/ask them to account for their action/question suspects
2.3 Search
2.4 Support from fellow officers
2.5 Arrest/charge/detain/restrain
2.6 Enter property
2.7 Confiscate property
2.8 Enforce the law
3 POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UK)
3.1 Conservative
3.2 Lib Dem/Liberal Democrats
3.3 Labour
3.4 Scottish National Party
3.5 Scottish Socialist
3.6 Welsh nationalist (Plaid Cymru)
3.7 Democratic Unionist
3.8 Sinn Fein
3.9 Green
3.10 UKIP
4 REASONS WHY PEOPLE WOULD WANT TO STAY IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UK)
4.1 Human rights record/ nation's values including such rights as the right to vote
4.2 Peaceful/ prosperous country
4.3 Better/ good quality of life
4.4 Health service support/ NHS
4.5 Educational opportunities
4.6 Economic opportunities/ work (examples accepted)
4.7 Family/ cultural ties
4.8 Already speak English/ see it as an important language
5 ADVANTAGES OF THE UK BEING A MEMBER OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
5.1 Citizens being able to study/work/live in another EU country
5.2 Larger population/ more countries give greater worldwide influence
5.3 Freedom of travel
5.4 Shopping without paying additional taxes
5.5 Environmental action/ protection/ rules/ policies
5.6 Enhanced freedom/ security/ justice/ rights benefits
5.7 Trade/ business benefits including harmonization/ jobs/ growth/ economic boost
5.8 Support in case of crisis/ stability. Help out if in 'trouble'
5.9 Acting together for peace/ security/ assistance
6 IMPORTANCE OF JUSTICE BEING DONE
6.1 The judiciary is a section of the state that is responsible for the settlement of legal issues. The judiciary examines issues and cases where the citizen is accused of breaking the law and has to make a judgement as to whether or not they have.
6.1.1 THE WORK OF JUDGES
6.1.1.1 Ensures the court operates impartially/ keep order
6.1.1.2 Make sure everyone has their say
6.1.1.3 Apply the law to protect the public
6.1.1.4 Decide the sentence
6.1.1.5 Consider the guilty person's previous record/ circumstances
6.1.1.6 The judge's experience/knowledge/authority is important in ensuring impartiality and that the law is followed. The judge's experience/knowledge is important in ensuring consistency/proper application of precedent.
6.1.2 THE WORK OF JURIES
6.1.2.1 Represent the wider community/ act as the accused person's peers
6.1.2.2 Decide guilt or innocence
6.1.2.3 Listen to evidence
6.1.2.4 Remain impartial
6.1.2.5 Apply common sense
6.1.2.6 Accept advice/ direction from the judge
6.1.2.7 The jury's experience and common sense is important in making sure a reliable and impartial decision is made about guilt or innocence. The jury represents all citizens and is selected impartially. This enables people to have faith in a system that represents all people.
6.1.3 The combination of judge and jury means that common sense decisions are made within the law and according to evidence. The work of judges and juries should serve to protect the public.

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