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Project, by Jiawei Chen
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Mind Map by Unknown ., updated more than 1 year ago
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Created by Unknown . over 3 years ago
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  1. Author: Harper Lee
    1. “Nelle” Harper Lee was born on April 28, 1926, the youngest of four children of Amasa Coleman Lee and Frances Cunningham Finch Lee.
      1. She grew up in Monroeville, a small town in southwest Alabama.
        1. She attended Huntingdon College, a private school for women in Montgomery for a year and then transferred to the University of Alabama.
          1. In 1960 with the help of Lippincott editor Tay Hohoff, To Kill a Mockingbird was published.
            1. A year after To Kill a Mockingbird was published, 500,000 copies had been sold and it had been translated into 10 languages.
            2. The Great Depression (1930s)
              1. The Great Depression started in the United States after a major fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929.
                1. Half of all banks failed. Unemployment rose to 25 percent and homelessness increased.
                  1. Housing prices plummeted by 30 percent and international trade collapsed by 60 percent.
                    1. Wages for those who still had jobs fell 42 percent. Average family incomes dropped 40 percent from $2,300 in 1929 to $1,500 in 1933.
                      1. It took 25 years for the stock market to recover.
                      2. Civil Rights Movement (1960s)
                        1. It was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the 1950s and 1960s for blacks to gain equal rights under the law in the United States.
                          1. On August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 people, black and white, congregated in Washington, D. C. for the peaceful march with the main purpose of forcing civil rights legislation and establishing job equality for everyone (March on Washington).
                            1. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it guaranteed equal employment for all, limited the use of voter literacy tests and allowed federal authorities to ensure public facilities were integrated.
                          2. United States Supreme Court made segregation illegal in public schools in the case of Brown v. Board of Education.
                            1. Rosa Parks’ courage in refusing to give up her seat to a white man encouraged a boycott of the Montgomery bus system. It lasted 381 days until segregated seating was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
                          3. To Kill a Mockingbird
                            1. The book was almost called Atticus — a nod to the noble-minded and kind Atticus Finch, who plays such a pivotal role in the story.
                              1. Atticus Finch was inspired by Harper Lee’s father, who worked as a lawyer and once defended two African-American men accused of murder.
                                1. The fictional town of Maycomb is modeled after Harper Lee's hometown of Monroeville, Alabama.
                                  1. Go Set a Watchman was actually a draft of To Kill a Mockingbird.
                                    1. To Kill a Mockingbird was honored with many awards including the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1961 and was made into a film in 1962 starring Gregory Peck.
                            2. Segregation in the South
                              1. Laws prohibited blacks from being present in certain locations.
                                1. Jim Crow laws were established in the South in the late 19th century. Blacks couldn’t use the same public facilities as whites, live in many of the same towns or go to the same schools.
                                  1. Interracial marriage was illegal, and most blacks couldn’t vote because they were unable to pass voter literacy tests.
                                    1. Signs were used to show non-whites where they could legally walk, talk, drink, rest, or eat.
                                      1. John Crow laws were meant to establish the right of white Americans to treat African Americans 'separate, but equal'.

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