Managing Stress

annbelltrouser
Mind Map by annbelltrouser, updated more than 1 year ago
annbelltrouser
Created by annbelltrouser about 6 years ago
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Description

A2 level Psychology Mind Map on Managing Stress, created by annbelltrouser on 11/19/2014.

Resource summary

Managing Stress
1 COGNITIVE
1.1 Ellis (1977)
1.1.1 Rational Emotive Therapy
1.1.1.1 Irrational thinking
1.1.1.1.1 Awfulising
1.1.1.1.1.1 Can't-stand-itus
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Musterbating
1.1.1.2 Cognitive Restructuring

Annotations:

  • A - Activating Experience (cause of upset) B - Beliefs and thoughts (response to the upset) C - Consequences (results of irrational thought)  D - Disputing (irrational thought logically examined) E - Effect (restructuring beliefs to be rational)  
1.1.1.3 Meta analysis
1.1.1.3.1 by Engels
1.1.1.3.1.1 effective therapies score 0.8+
1.1.1.3.1.1.1 RET scored 1.62
1.2 lack of information
1.2.1 misperceptions
1.2.1.1 irrational beliefs
1.3 demand is a threat to wellbeing
1.3.1 don't have the resources to meet demand
1.3.1.1 STRESS <-
2 BEHAVIOURAL
2.1 McGrath (1990)
2.1.1 Systematic Desensitisation
2.1.1.1 Facing the fear

Annotations:

  • 1) construct a hierarchy of feared situations 2) train the patient in relaxation techniques; deep breathing, muscle relaxation, and visualisation 3) introduce patient to each situation, from least feared to most feared.
2.1.1.2 Lucy

Annotations:

  • 9 year old girl, under average IQ, fear of sudden loud noises. Not depressed or anxious. 10 therapy sessions Parental consent 
2.1.1.2.1 1) Hierarchy
2.1.1.2.1.1 balloons
2.1.1.2.1.2 party poppers
2.1.1.2.1.3 cap guns
2.1.1.2.2 2) Training
2.1.1.2.2.1 visualisation

Annotations:

  • at home on bed with toys
2.1.1.2.2.2 deep breathing
2.1.1.2.3 3) Confrontation

Annotations:

  • Had a 'fear thermometer' Could measure fear from 1 to 10 
2.1.1.2.3.1 introduced to balloons

Annotations:

  • First session: didn't want balloon burst at end of corridor Fifth session: Lucy could pop a balloon herself 
2.1.1.2.3.1.1 7/10 to 3/10
2.1.1.2.3.2 introduced to party poppers

Annotations:

  • Beginning: didn't allow them in consulting room End: Lucy could use a popper if therapist held it. 
2.1.1.2.3.2.1 9/10 to 3/10
2.1.1.2.3.3 introduced to cap guns

Annotations:

  • Agreed to have one fired in consulting room
2.1.1.2.3.3.1 8/10 to 5/10
2.2 Classical conditioning
2.2.1 Fear (stress) learnt by associating a situation with an unpleasant event
2.2.1.1 desensitisation: pairing feared situation with something neutral or pleasant
3 SOCIAL
3.1 Waxler-Morrison (1993)
3.1.1 how social relationships affect a woman's reaction to breast cancer and her survival
3.1.1.1 133 women with breast cancer

Annotations:

  • All under 55 (pre-menopausal) Vancouver, Canada Confirmed cancer 
3.1.1.1.1 -> QUASI <-
3.1.2 Questionnaires, interviews, medical records

Annotations:

  • Checked medical files for cancer diagnosis JUNE 1980 Checked survival and recurrence JANUARY 1985 
3.1.2.1 responsibilites
3.1.2.2 support network
3.1.2.3 marital status
3.1.2.4 home life
3.1.3 MORE support = BETTER survival

Annotations:

  • factors affecting survival; marital status, support and contact from friends,  total support, social network, employment 
3.1.3.1 survival also dependent on cancer stage
3.2 Stroebe (2000)
3.2.1 Emotional support (empathy, care, love)
3.2.2 Instrumental support (direct help, taking responsibilty)
3.2.3 Informational support (routes to helpful knowledge)
3.2.4 Appraisal support (self-evaluation)
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