2.1 from 1747-1755 he wrote Dictionary of English
Language; his goal was to standardize the chaotic
3 His principle of criticism is similar
to Horace; believes a literary work
is a piece of rhetoric to be judged
by the impact it makes upon the
3.1 "The end of writing is
to instruct; the end of
poetry is to instruct
by pleasing" (from
3.1.1 Believed poetry must be deeply true to life, not because art
is a matter of imitation, but because the truth of accurate
representation holds us longer than any other art
184.108.40.206 "...the business of the poet...is to examine not the individual, but
the species; to remark general properties and large appearances: he
does not number the streaks of the tulip" (from Rasselas)
220.127.116.11.1 If the literary work is to please a universal audience it must deal broadly with the world we all know, not with special issues of interest to a few.
4 "Preface to Shakespeare"
4.1 Johnson is offended by Shakespeare's amorality
4.1.1 "tragedy seems to be [Shakespeare's] skill, his comedy to be instinct"
18.104.22.168 Johnson believed Shakespeare's greatness is rescued only by his surpassing universality & trueness to life