Medicine through time

Holly Bamford
Mind Map by Holly Bamford, updated more than 1 year ago
Holly Bamford
Created by Holly Bamford about 5 years ago
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Mind map on medicine through time. AQA Gcse
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Resource summary

Medicine through time
1 Prehistory
1.1 Health problems
1.1.1 Warfare
1.1.2 Childbirth
1.1.3 Infection
1.1.4 Food shortages
1.1.5 Hunting wounds
1.2 Cures
1.2.1 Natural
1.2.1.1 Herbs
1.2.1.2 Medicine men and women
1.2.1.3 Trephining
1.2.2 Spirtual
1.2.2.1 Lucky charms
1.2.2.2 Saving your spirits
1.2.2.3 Rituals
2
2.1 Factors
2.1.1 Individual Genius
2.1.2 Chance
2.1.3 War
2.1.4 Technology
2.1.5 Government
2.1.6 Religion and superstition
2.1.7 Attitudes
2.1.7.1 Conservatism
2.1.7.2 Enquiry
2.2 Public Health
2.3 Disease and infection
2.4 Surgery and Anatomy
3 Ancient
3.1 Greeks
3.1.1 Treatments and Beliefs
3.1.1.1 Supernatural
3.1.1.1.1 Asclepius
3.1.1.2 Natural
3.1.1.2.1 Four Humors
3.1.2 Hippocrates
3.2 Romans
3.2.1 Galen
3.2.2 Needed a healthy army
3.2.2.1 Government
3.2.3 Public health improved
3.2.3.1 Aquaducts
3.2.3.2 sewers
3.2.3.3 Government
3.3 Egyptian
3.3.1 Religion-encouraged cleanliness
3.3.2 Treatments and beliefs
3.3.2.1 Supernatural
3.3.2.1.1 Gods caused diseases
3.3.2.1.2 Priests had books of treatmants
3.3.2.1.3 Mummification
3.3.2.1.3.1 They had a relatively advanced knowledge of anatomy
3.3.2.1.3.1.1 However experimental dissection was not allowed
3.3.2.1.3.2 Found outlines of simple surgery
3.3.2.2 Natural
3.3.2.2.1 Canal theory
3.3.2.2.1.1 Based on nile
3.3.2.2.2 Some drugs (opium) used
3.3.2.2.3 Purging, vomiting and blood letting
3.3.2.2.4 Diet
3.3.3 What was new and what stayed the same?
3.3.3.1 New
3.3.3.1.1 Specialist doctors
3.3.3.1.2 Observstion
3.3.3.1.3 Surgical instruments
3.3.3.2 Same
3.3.3.2.1 Herbs
3.3.3.2.2 No understanding of cause
3.3.3.2.3 Supernatural beliefs
3.3.3.2.4 No understanding of how the body works
4 Middle ages
4.1 Cures
4.1.1 Quacks
4.1.2 Church
4.1.3 Doctors
4.1.4 Women
4.2 Causes
4.2.1 Planets
4.2.2 Miasma
4.2.3 God
4.2.4 Dominated by four humours theory
4.3 Plague
4.3.1 God
4.4 Collapse of the Roman Empire

Annotations:

  • Collapse of academic knowledge
4.5 Church had a big influence.
4.5.1 Avicenna went against orthodox Islamic tradition
4.6 More medical schools
4.7 NO PUBLIC HEALTH
4.8 Galen's ideas were accepted as absolute truth
4.8.1 Paracelsus Challenged Galen
5 Renaissance
5.1 Enguiry returned
5.2 Individuals
5.2.1 Pare
5.2.1.1 Ointment instead of boiling oil
5.2.1.1.1 Chance
5.2.1.2 War helped
5.2.2 Harvey
5.2.2.1 Blood and circulation
5.2.3 Vesallius
5.2.3.1 Anatomy
5.2.3.1.1 Wrote fabric of the human body
5.2.3.1.1.1 used the printing press to circulate his ideas
5.3 new ideas!!!
5.4 Public health made worse by war
5.5 Great plague of London
5.5.1 Showed people knew it was contagius
5.5.1.1 No knowledge of why
5.5.2 Fire of London killed the bacteria
6 Age of enlightemnet
6.1 Inncoculation
6.1.1 Jenner
6.1.1.1 Link between cow pox and small pox
6.1.2 Government helped and made it compulsory
7 Industrial revolution
7.1 Germ Theory-1857
7.1.1 Pasteur
7.1.2 Enquiry
7.1.3 Identification of different microbes
7.1.3.1 Koch
7.1.3.2 Vaccinations
7.1.3.2.1 Koch Vs Pasteur
7.1.3.2.1.1 Franco-Prussian war meant they were rivals
8 Modern
8.1 Development of Modern Surgery
8.1.1 Anasthetics
8.1.1.1 Laughing gas Ether and Chloroform
8.1.1.1.1 Early anaesthetics led to a rise in death rates
8.1.1.1.1.1 Doctors tried more complex surgery
8.1.1.1.1.2 Infections still killed patients
8.1.1.1.1.2.1 Unhygienic conditions
8.1.1.1.1.3 1846-1870 Black period of surgery
8.1.1.2
8.1.2 Antisepsis and Asepsis

Annotations:

  • Antiseptic methods kill germs that get near surgical wounds Aseptic methods aim to stop germs getting near the wound
8.1.2.1 Asepsis reduced the need for harmful chemicals
8.1.2.2 Lister
8.1.2.2.1 Carbolic acid on instruments
8.1.2.2.2 Reduced death rates from 50% to 15%
8.1.2.3 Semmelweis
8.1.2.3.1 Chloride of lime as a hand wash
8.1.2.4 kill germs that get near surgical wounds
8.1.3 x-rays
8.1.3.1 Curie
8.2 Recent advances in Public Health
8.2.1 Public Health acts
8.2.1.1 Snow
8.2.1.1.1 Cholera
8.2.1.2 1848
8.2.1.2.1 Chadwich
8.2.1.2.2 Was not compulsory
8.2.1.3 1875
8.2.1.3.1 Better-was compulsory
8.2.2 Beveridge
8.2.2.1 Report 1942
8.2.2.2 'Welfare state'
8.2.3 NHS-1948
8.2.4 Clean air act 1956
8.2.5 The Black report
8.2.6 National insurance act
8.2.7 Sewage systems
8.3 Developments in the fight against disease and infection
8.3.1 Penicillin
8.3.1.1 Fleming
8.3.1.2 Florey and Chain
8.3.2 DNA
8.3.2.1 Crick and Watson
8.3.2.2 cures for genetic diseases
8.3.3 'Magic Bullets'
8.3.3.1 Ehrlich
8.3.3.2 Salversan 606
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