Functionalism and crime A Level Summary

Charli Browes
Mind Map by Charli Browes, updated more than 1 year ago
Charli Browes
Created by Charli Browes about 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Functionalism and crime A Level Summary, created by Charli Browes on 01/11/2015.

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Functionalism and crime A Level Summary
  1. Durkheim
    1. "crime is normal, an integral part of society"
      1. causes are diversity, anomie, and how not everyone is effectively socialised
      2. functions are crime include boundary maintenance
      3. Merton's Strain Theory
        1. The American Dream strives us to achieve
          1. middle class = work to achieve goal, working class have blocked opportunities and innovate in order to achieve
          2. Adaptions to strain: conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism, rebellion
          3. A. Cohen
            1. Status frustration
            2. Cloward and Ohlin
              1. subcultures
                1. criminal: provides utilitarian crime, in areas of longstanding criminal activity
                  1. conflict: areas of high population turnover and high levels of social disorganisation, gangs
                    1. retreatist: in any area, can't always turn to organised crime, turn to crimes like drugs
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