Media Influences on Pro-social behaviour

OliviaBridge
Mind Map by OliviaBridge, updated more than 1 year ago
OliviaBridge
Created by OliviaBridge about 7 years ago
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A-Levels Psychology (Media) Mind Map on Media Influences on Pro-social behaviour, created by OliviaBridge on 02/23/2013.
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Media Influences on Pro-social behaviour
1 Exposure to pro-social behaviour
1.1 Content analysis - 2/3 Children's programmes - 1 act of violence
1.1.1 Greenberg - equivalent no. pro-social/ anti-social content (Any Hour)
1.1.1.1 77% Pre - school programmes - pro-social content
1.1.1.1.1 4/ top 20 - Under 17's contained any pro - social lesson
2 Acquisition of pro-social behaviour
2.1 SLT - Observe - Imitate - Repetition (Depends on Consquence)
2.1.1 Pro-social TV (represents) Pro-social norms - Rewarded & repeated
2.1.1.1 Unreliable research - 'One shot exposures'
2.1.1.1.1 Children - Most affected - shown exact steps - pro-social behaviour
2.1.1.1.1.1 Shown reward/consequence - Supports SLT
3 Developmental Factors
3.1 Skills associated with pro-social behaviour - developed through childhood/ adolescents
3.1.1 Empathy / moral reasoning
3.1.1.1 Younger Children - Less affected by pro-social media
3.1.1.1.1 Mares - Meta Analysis - Weakest effect: Adolescences / Strongest: Primary School Children
3.1.1.1.1.1 Strongly affected by home experiences: Unrealistic - Media affects development
4 Parental Mediation
4.1 BBC - significance watching TV with parents
4.1.1 'Watch with mother' - Andy Pandy - Interactive for mother & child
4.1.1.1 Austin - Effective mediation - Parent discusses content
4.1.1.1.1 Valkenburg - parental mediation effective enhancing pro-social messages
4.1.1.1.1.1 If content isn't discussed - ineffective
4.1.1.1.1.1.1 Parent - Mediator is there is discussion
5 Mares - Meta Analysis (1966 - 1995)
5.1 4 Behavioural effects - Pro-social media
5.1.1 Altruism
5.1.1.1 Requires explicit modelling
5.1.1.1.1 Poulos etal. Children helped distressed puppies - Lassie
5.1.1.1.1.1 Those who saw pro-social content - more altruistic behaviour
5.1.2 Self Control
5.1.2.1 TV model - high self control lead to children displaying high self control
5.1.2.1.1 4 year olds - Watched Mister Rogers neighbourhood - more persistent/ obedient to rules
5.1.2.1.2 Pro-social Vs. anti-social effects
5.1.2.1.2.1 Mares - Children more likely to generalise after aggressive acts
5.1.2.1.2.1.1 Pro-social acts imitated directly limiting its overall effectiveness
5.1.2.1.2.1.1.1 Nature VS Nurture
5.1.2.1.2.1.1.1.1 Genetic Factors - impact upon violent or aggressive beahaviour
5.1.2.1.2.1.1.2 Determinist
5.1.2.1.2.1.1.2.1 Only learnt through media; home experiences?
5.1.3 Positive Interaction
5.1.3.1 Fredrick observed children play
5.1.3.1.1 Pro-social programmes lead to positive behaviour towards each other
5.1.4 Anti-Stereotyping
5.1.4.1 Johnston - 9-12 year olds watched Freestyle reducing sex role stereotypes (Once week - 13 weeks)
5.1.4.1.1 Children: less stereotypes & prejudices
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