OCR A2 Chemistry Acids

Sarah H-V
Mind Map by Sarah H-V, updated more than 1 year ago
Sarah H-V
Created by Sarah H-V over 5 years ago
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A Levels Chemistry Mind Map on OCR A2 Chemistry Acids, created by Sarah H-V on 02/01/2015.
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OCR A2 Chemistry Acids
1 Bronsted Lowry Acid Definition

Annotations:

  • A proton donor or An H+ ion donor 
2 Conjugate Acid - Base Pairs
2.1 Definition

Annotations:

  • A pair of two species that transform into each other by gain or loss of a proton
2.2 Acid base equilibria involve two acid base pairs
3 Weak Acid Definition

Annotations:

  • An acid which only partially dissociates in solution
3.1 Examples
3.1.1 Ethanoic Acid (CH3COOH)
3.1.2 Methanoic Acid (COOH)
3.1.3 Propanoic Acid (CH3CH2COOH)
4 Acid - base reactions
4.1 Acid + Carbonate
4.1.1 CASHOCO
4.1.2 Forms a salt, H2O and CO2
4.2 Acid + Base
4.2.1 BASHO
4.2.2 Forms a salt and H2O
4.3 Acid + Metal
4.3.1 MASH
4.3.2 Forms a salt and H2 gas
4.3.3 Redox reaction
5 Bronsted Lowry Base Definition

Annotations:

  • A proton acceptor or An H+ ion acceptor
6 Strong Acid Definition

Annotations:

  • An acid which can fully dissociate in solution
6.1 Examples
6.1.1 Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)
6.1.2 Nitric Acid (HNO3)
6.1.3 Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4)
6.1.4 Chloric Acid (HClO4)
6.1.5 Hydrobromic Acid (HBr)
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