Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Meo6264
Mind Map by Meo6264, updated more than 1 year ago
Meo6264
Created by Meo6264 over 5 years ago
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Description

Some derivatives of carboxylic acids - Acyl Chloride and Acid Anhydride

Resource summary

Carboxylic Acid Derivatives
1 OH replaced by other groups
2 Acyl Chloride
2.1 Very reactive
2.2 + alcohol/phenols = Esters at rtp.
2.3 + amines = amides at rtp
2.4 + water = carboxylic acid + HCl
2.5 acylating agent
3 Acid Anhydride
3.1 more reactive than COOH
3.1.1 + phenols = esters
3.1.2 less than acyl chlorides
3.2 vigorous ethanoylating agent
3.3 made by eliminating water from COOH molecules
3.4 used instead of acyl chlorides
3.4.1 less dangerous
3.4.2 less expensive
3.4.3 less toxic
3.5 acylating agent
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