Challenges of Academic Language Learning

EL Elaine Kendrick
Mind Map by EL Elaine Kendrick, updated more than 1 year ago
EL Elaine Kendrick
Created by EL Elaine Kendrick over 5 years ago
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Description

Mind Map on Challenges of Academic Language Learning, created by EL Elaine Kendrick on 02/05/2015.

Resource summary

Challenges of Academic Language Learning

Annotations:

  • CLIL Activities pgs. 41-54 Dale, L and Tanner, R.
1 Affective Challenges

Annotations:

  • Emotional Challenges learners face when using L2.
1.1 to concentrate for long periods of time
1.2 to speak in front of peers
1.3 to express emotions
1.4 to keep conversation going
1.5 to encourage peers
2 Linguistic Challenges
2.1 Discourse-Level challenges

Annotations:

  • Discourse refers to spoken or written language longer than one sentence.  Discourse challenges affect learners ability to understand or produce longer spoken or written text. 
2.1.1 Speaking & Writing (output)
2.1.1.1 speak spontaneously
2.1.1.2 organize/use info from different sources
2.1.1.3 explain logic
2.1.1.4 organize and structure ideas
2.1.1.5 produce appropriate language
2.1.1.5.1 for task
2.1.1.5.2 for audience
2.1.1.5.3 written/spoken
2.1.1.6 use linking words to show connections
2.1.2 Reading, Listening, Watching (input)
2.1.2.1 Process a lot of new information w/o visual support
2.1.2.2 interpret data from visuals w/o written/spoken explanation
2.1.2.3 how to read illustrations
2.1.2.4 identify main points
2.1.2.5 find specific info
2.1.2.6 recognize diff. purpose of text
2.1.2.7 understand pronoun references
2.1.2.8 follow fast speech or accent
2.1.2.9 understand lengthy instructions
2.1.2.10 evaluate bias, reliable sources
2.1.2.11 distinguish between facts/opinions
2.2 Sentence-Level Challenges
2.2.1 verb tenses
2.2.2 word order
2.2.3 question forms
2.2.4 reporting structures
2.2.5 verb patterns
2.2.6 phrases and clauses
2.2.7 comparisons
2.2.8 prounouns
2.2.9 linking clauses/sentences
2.3 Word Level Challenges
2.3.1 a lot of new vocab
2.3.2 subject-specific
2.3.3 specialized meanings for different subjects
2.3.4 figurative lang.

Annotations:

  • symbols, metaphors and similes

Attachments:

2.3.5 how linking words show relationships
2.3.7 compound (noun) phrases
2.3.8 acronyms
2.3.9 common prefixes/suffixes
2.3.10 spelling and pronunciation
3 Cultural Challenges
3.1 understand culturally specific references
3.2 understand issues from different cultural perspectives
3.3 interpret use of visual, historical or cultural images
3.3.1 cultural monuments
3.3.2 Flags
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