What Is A Family?


Child Development Collins GCSE
Mind Map by haithchloe, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by haithchloe about 8 years ago

Resource summary

What Is A Family?
  1. What A Family Provides
    1. A secure and stable environment
      1. Good role models
        1. Appropriate routines
          1. Encouragement and praise - Develops self-esteem and confidence
            1. Love, affection and comfort
              1. Communication skills
                1. Food, clothing and a housing environment
                  1. Physical and health care
                    1. Culture
                      1. Socialisation skills -Babies' basic needs are met by parents who teach them as they grow, this is Primary Socialisation. Later, they're influenced by the society they live in. This is Secondary Socialisation.
                      2. A family is the basic unit of society - it is a group of people living together, who are married, co-habit, related by birth or adopted.
                        1. Types Of Family
                          1. Nuclear Family - Parents live together with children in the home, but contact with other family members is limited.
                            1. Extended Family - Parents and children live with, or near, relatives like grandparents, aunts and uncles.
                              1. Step Family - Formed when one or both people in a couple, with children from a previous relationship, re-marry or co-habit.
                                1. Single-Parent Family - Mostly, but not always, comprises a mother and her children. Can be the result of divorce, death, an absent parent (prison, hospital etc.), a sexual attack or adoption.
                                  1. Shared Care Family - Children live in two households, and spend time with both parents.
                                    1. Adoptive Family - Adoptive parents have to pass rigorous tests by social services. Parents come from a wide variety of backgrounds. Adoptive families provide a permanent home for babies and older children. Reasons for adoption include: infertility, adoption after remarriage, couple may carry a genetic defect or a disadvantaged child may be adopted from abroad.
                                    2. Looked-after children are looked after by the local authority, through social services. This could be the result of a care order or an agreement with the child's parents. Reasons include: death or illness of the parents, abuse, neglect, if the child has a disability or if the parents need respite care. Looked-after children are placed with foster families, or in a residential care home.Placements may be long or short term.
                                      1. Residential care homes provide short-term care for children. They're situated in the local community and small groups of children are looked after by careers in a family type structure. Children with severe disabilities may require long term care.
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