Child Development: Contraceptives

Daniellex3
Mind Map by Daniellex3, updated more than 1 year ago
Daniellex3
Created by Daniellex3 almost 7 years ago
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Types of contraceptives and how they work from AQA Home Economics: Child Development

Resource summary

Child Development: Contraceptives
  1. FEMALE
    1. Combined Pill
      1. Prevents ovaries from producing eggs
        1. 100% successful
          1. Advantages
            1. Reduces periods, pain and blood loss
              1. Reliable for preventing pregnancy
                1. Some health advantages
                2. Disadvantages
                  1. No protection from STIs
                    1. Remembering to take is at the same time everyday
                      1. Some health risks
                        1. Prescription required
                      2. Mini Pill
                        1. Makes it hard for sperm to get into the uterus and hard for fertilisation or implantation to take place
                          1. 99% successful
                            1. Advantages
                              1. Reduces periods, pain and blood loss
                                1. Reliable for prevent pregnancy
                                  1. Some health advantages
                                    1. Fewer health risks than the combined pill
                                      1. Can be used by breastfeeding mothers
                                      2. Disadvantages
                                        1. No protection from STIs
                                          1. Remembering to take it at the same time everyday
                                            1. Some health risks
                                              1. Prescription required
                                            2. Female Condoms
                                              1. Sperm stopped from entering the Vagina
                                                1. 95% successful
                                                  1. Advantages
                                                    1. Protection from STIs and unwanted pregnancy
                                                      1. Available without prescription
                                                        1. No medication needed
                                                          1. Can be put in hours before sex
                                                            1. Can be used by people allergic to latex
                                                            2. Disadvantages
                                                              1. Put on and removed carefully
                                                                1. Not widely available
                                                                  1. Large and can make an off-putting noise
                                                                2. Diagphragm (cap) (used with spermicide jelly or creams
                                                                  1. Sperm stopped from reaching egg and spermicide makes sperm inactive
                                                                    1. 92-96% successful
                                                                      1. Advantages
                                                                        1. Good protection from unwanted pregnancy
                                                                          1. Can be put in hours before sex
                                                                            1. No medication or side effects
                                                                            2. Disadvantages
                                                                              1. Difficult to use correctly
                                                                                1. Must be fitted by a clincian
                                                                                  1. May slip out of places during sex
                                                                                2. IUD (intra-uterine device)
                                                                                  1. Implantation is prevented
                                                                                    1. 98-99% successful
                                                                                      1. Advantages
                                                                                        1. Excellent protection from unwanted pregnancy
                                                                                          1. No medication - lasts for 10 years
                                                                                            1. More reversible than sterilisation
                                                                                            2. Disadvantages
                                                                                              1. No protection from STIs
                                                                                                1. Additional bleeding and cramps possible
                                                                                                  1. Small number of women allergic to copper
                                                                                                  2. IUD
                                                                                                  3. Intrauterine System (slow release of progesterone)
                                                                                                    1. Progesterone is gradually and slowly released. This stops the sperm reaching the egg.
                                                                                                      1. 99% successful
                                                                                                        1. Disadvantages
                                                                                                          1. No protection from STIs
                                                                                                          2. Advantages
                                                                                                            1. Excellent protection from unwanted pregnancy
                                                                                                              1. No medication - lasts for 7 years
                                                                                                                1. More reversible than sterilisation
                                                                                                                  1. Less bleeding and cramping than IUD
                                                                                                                2. Contraceptive implant (slow release of progesterone)
                                                                                                                  1. 99% successful
                                                                                                                    1. An implant of the hormone progesterone, usually into the upper arm, prevents implantation.

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