What Is A Family?

haithchloe
Mind Map by haithchloe, updated more than 1 year ago
haithchloe
Created by haithchloe over 5 years ago
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Child Development Collins GCSE
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What Is A Family?
1 What A Family Provides
1.1 A secure and stable environment
1.2 Good role models
1.3 Appropriate routines
1.4 Encouragement and praise - Develops self-esteem and confidence
1.5 Love, affection and comfort
1.6 Communication skills
1.7 Food, clothing and a housing environment
1.8 Physical and health care
1.9 Culture
1.10 Socialisation skills -Babies' basic needs are met by parents who teach them as they grow, this is Primary Socialisation. Later, they're influenced by the society they live in. This is Secondary Socialisation.
2 A family is the basic unit of society - it is a group of people living together, who are married, co-habit, related by birth or adopted.
3 Types Of Family
3.1 Nuclear Family - Parents live together with children in the home, but contact with other family members is limited.
3.2 Extended Family - Parents and children live with, or near, relatives like grandparents, aunts and uncles.
3.3 Step Family - Formed when one or both people in a couple, with children from a previous relationship, re-marry or co-habit.
3.4 Single-Parent Family - Mostly, but not always, comprises a mother and her children. Can be the result of divorce, death, an absent parent (prison, hospital etc.), a sexual attack or adoption.
3.5 Shared Care Family - Children live in two households, and spend time with both parents.
3.6 Adoptive Family - Adoptive parents have to pass rigorous tests by social services. Parents come from a wide variety of backgrounds. Adoptive families provide a permanent home for babies and older children. Reasons for adoption include: infertility, adoption after remarriage, couple may carry a genetic defect or a disadvantaged child may be adopted from abroad.
4 Looked-after children are looked after by the local authority, through social services. This could be the result of a care order or an agreement with the child's parents. Reasons include: death or illness of the parents, abuse, neglect, if the child has a disability or if the parents need respite care. Looked-after children are placed with foster families, or in a residential care home.Placements may be long or short term.
5 Residential care homes provide short-term care for children. They're situated in the local community and small groups of children are looked after by careers in a family type structure. Children with severe disabilities may require long term care.
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