1.4 Encouragement and
praise - Develops
1.5 Love, affection and comfort
1.6 Communication skills
1.7 Food, clothing and a
1.8 Physical and health care
1.10 Socialisation skills -Babies' basic needs are met by
parents who teach them as they grow, this is Primary
Socialisation. Later, they're influenced by the society
they live in. This is Secondary Socialisation.
2 A family is the basic unit of society - it is a
group of people living together, who are
married, co-habit, related by birth or
3 Types Of Family
3.1 Nuclear Family - Parents live together with children in the home, but contact with
other family members is limited.
3.2 Extended Family - Parents and children live with, or near, relatives
like grandparents, aunts and uncles.
3.3 Step Family - Formed when one or both people in a couple, with children from
a previous relationship, re-marry or co-habit.
3.4 Single-Parent Family - Mostly, but not always, comprises
a mother and her children. Can be the result of divorce,
death, an absent parent (prison, hospital etc.), a sexual attack or adoption.
3.5 Shared Care Family - Children live in two households, and spend time with both
3.6 Adoptive Family - Adoptive parents have to pass rigorous tests by social services.
Parents come from a wide variety of backgrounds. Adoptive families provide a
permanent home for babies and older children. Reasons for adoption include:
infertility, adoption after remarriage, couple may carry a genetic defect or a
disadvantaged child may be adopted from abroad.
4 Looked-after children are looked after by the
local authority, through social services. This
could be the result of a care order or an
agreement with the child's parents. Reasons
include: death or illness of the parents, abuse,
neglect, if the child has a disability or if the
parents need respite care. Looked-after children
are placed with foster families, or in a residential
care home.Placements may be long or short
5 Residential care homes
provide short-term care
for children. They're
situated in the local
community and small
groups of children are
looked after by careers
in a family type
structure. Children with
severe disabilities may
require long term care.