Marxist Theory of Bourgeoisie Revolution

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marxist view of French Revolution

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Marxist Theory of Bourgeoisie Revolution
1 Must be able to interpret the F R completely to understand complete social structure
2 Marx + Engels- "B...conquered for itself, in the modern representative state, exclusive political sway"
3 M- T F R was an e.g of Eng R
3.1 B headed movement
4 non-B + W/C had same interests as B
4.1 Even when they fought against B they still had same aim
5 Rev was European Rev
5.1 created a new social order
5.1.1 B overthrowing Feudalism
6 Bourgeoisie Revolution
7 Revisionist Against This View
7.1 M- B at front of R
7.1.1 No clear diving line between classes B- land owners + some had seigneurial rights Peasants revolted against taxes 'feudal reaction' Peasants- didn't want capitalism moving into rural areas R B- made up of declining professional workers
7.2 Revisionists- Furet + Richet- rev did not compromise the Ancien Regime
7.2.1 T R did not stay with one aim or course throughout Jacobins had separate aims from B + masses
8 Structure
8.1 rev that promoted capitalism
8.1.1 change in the pow of S B became dominant + capitalism took over B led the way in rev but capitalist class still had strong role proletarian revs create a socialist system B revs help capitalist production increase and become dominant
9 Classical B Rev
9.1 Internal crises within A.R + R/C caused fall- revisionist
9.1.1 Lenin- w/c did not want to live under A.R + R/C could not continue to do so B developed due to their economic prosperity- seigniorial rights + land Mon unstable + so hard to buy nobility some Nobility against others- court nobility disliked Estate G- limits to B advancement + share of pol pow 3rd E dominate clergy- divided nobles- opposed The outvoting of 3.E caused a B Rev- against R/C they challenged mon + R/C created National Assembly- June 1789 B in control B capitalist system then in place- based on property and wealth- not birth right- destroying nobility privileges had to have Paris on their side- Capture of Bastille 14th July fear of capitalistm in urban areas + high bread prices= peasant uprisings Triggered also by 1788-89 economic crisis Urban movement- driving force of rev Soboul- "sans- culotterie did not constitute a class" Fragile times- rations of food united artisans in a common interest + wanted price controls Law of the General Maximum 29th Sept 1793- allowed for food for families Richet "under Robespierre, blood flowed and there was enough bread...blood no longer flows and there is a shortage...we must spill a little blood before we can get bread" overthrew feudal system 4th Aug 1789
10 Rich and Poor had increasing tension
10.1 high food prices
10.2 harvest failures
10.3 M see the T rev was caused to do B rise due to the resulting increase in Capitalism
10.3.1 B were agents of capitalism B overtook T monarchies pow had land and economic pow mainly due to commerce and industry Cobben- against this as saw majority of 3.E had nothing to do w commerce.- many B not against feudalism as land/property owners many brought titles of nobility Blanning "with so many B behaving like nobles + so many nobles behaiving like b, it is difficult to find much evidence of class- conflict between T two" B able to dominate due to the Pol pow of mon collapsing ran out of money and nobility + aristocrats turning against them due to taxation Lefebvre saw that Rev began w aristocratic revolt, rather than B - due to reforms nobility got support of B which motivated B to pursue own aims
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