Marxist Theory of Bourgeoisie Revolution

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marxist view of French Revolution
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Marxist Theory of Bourgeoisie Revolution
1 Must be able to interpret the F R completely to understand complete social structure
2 Marx + Engels- "B...conquered for itself, in the modern representative state, exclusive political sway"
3 M- T F R was an e.g of Eng R
3.1 B headed movement
4 non-B + W/C had same interests as B
4.1 Even when they fought against B they still had same aim
5 Rev was European Rev
5.1 created a new social order
5.1.1 B overthrowing Feudalism
6 Bourgeoisie Revolution
7 Revisionist Against This View
7.1 M- B at front of R
7.1.1 No clear diving line between classes
7.1.1.1 B- land owners + some had seigneurial rights
7.1.1.1.1 Peasants revolted against taxes
7.1.1.1.2 'feudal reaction'
7.1.1.1.3 Peasants- didn't want capitalism moving into rural areas
7.1.1.1.3.1 R B- made up of declining professional workers
7.2 Revisionists- Furet + Richet- rev did not compromise the Ancien Regime
7.2.1 T R did not stay with one aim or course throughout
7.2.1.1 Jacobins had separate aims from B + masses
8 Structure
8.1 rev that promoted capitalism
8.1.1 change in the pow of S
8.1.1.1 B became dominant + capitalism took over
8.1.1.2 B led the way in rev but capitalist class still had strong role
8.1.1.2.1 proletarian revs create a socialist system
8.1.1.2.1.1 B revs help capitalist production increase and become dominant
9 Classical B Rev
9.1 Internal crises within A.R + R/C caused fall- revisionist
9.1.1 Lenin- w/c did not want to live under A.R + R/C could not continue to do so
9.1.1.1 B developed due to their economic prosperity- seigniorial rights + land
9.1.1.1.1 Mon unstable + so hard to buy nobility
9.1.1.1.1.1 some Nobility against others- court nobility disliked
9.1.1.1.1.1.1 Estate G- limits to B advancement + share of pol pow
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 3rd E dominate
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 clergy- divided
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.3 nobles- opposed
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4 The outvoting of 3.E caused a B Rev- against R/C
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.1 they challenged mon + R/C
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2 created National Assembly- June 1789
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1 B in control
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1 B capitalist system then in place- based on property and wealth- not birth right- destroying nobility privileges
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1 had to have Paris on their side- Capture of Bastille 14th July
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1 fear of capitalistm in urban areas + high bread prices=
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.1 peasant uprisings
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Triggered also by 1788-89 economic crisis
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.2 Urban movement- driving force of rev
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.2.1 Soboul- "sans- culotterie did not constitute a class"
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.2.2 Fragile times- rations of food
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.2.2.1 united artisans in a common interest + wanted price controls
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.2.2.2 Law of the General Maximum 29th Sept 1793- allowed for food for families
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.1.1.1.2.2.3 Richet "under Robespierre, blood flowed and there was enough bread...blood no longer flows and there is a shortage...we must spill a little blood before we can get bread"
9.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1.2 overthrew feudal system 4th Aug 1789
10 Rich and Poor had increasing tension
10.1 high food prices
10.2 harvest failures
10.3 M see the T rev was caused to do B rise due to the resulting increase in Capitalism
10.3.1 B were agents of capitalism
10.3.1.1 B overtook T monarchies pow
10.3.1.1.1 had land and economic pow
10.3.1.1.1.1 mainly due to commerce and industry
10.3.1.1.1.1.1 Cobben- against this as saw majority of 3.E had nothing to do w commerce.- many B not against feudalism as land/property owners
10.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 many brought titles of nobility
10.3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Blanning "with so many B behaving like nobles + so many nobles behaiving like b, it is difficult to find much evidence of class- conflict between T two"
10.3.1.1.2 B able to dominate due to the Pol pow of mon collapsing
10.3.1.1.2.1 ran out of money and nobility + aristocrats turning against them due to taxation
10.3.1.1.2.2 Lefebvre saw that Rev began w aristocratic revolt, rather than B - due to reforms
10.3.1.1.2.2.1 nobility got support of B which motivated B to pursue own aims
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