Acids Reacting with Metals

Tom Johnson
Mind Map by , created almost 5 years ago

A mind map about the different products of different acids with different metals. Includes fact about how reactivity of metals affects reactivity with acids.

Tom Johnson
Created by Tom Johnson almost 5 years ago
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Acids Reacting with Metals
1 Metals React with Acids to Produce Salts
1.1 Acid + Metal -> Salt + Hydrogen
1.2 The type of salt produced depends on which metal is used and which acid
2 Hydrochloric Acid will ALWAYS produce Chloride Salts
2.1 2HCl + Mg -> MgCl2 + H2 (Magnesium Chloride)
2.2 6HCl + 2Al -> 2AlCl3 + 3H2 (Aluminium Chloride)
2.3 2HCl + Zn -> ZnCl2 + H2 (Zinc Chloride)
3 Sulfuric Acid will ALWAYS produce sulfate salts
3.1 H2SO4 + Mg -> MgSO4 + H2 (Magnesium Sulfate)
3.2 3H2SO4 + 2Al -> Al2(SO4)3 + 3H2 (Aluminium Sulfate)
3.3 H2SO4 + Zn -> ZnSO4 + H2 (Zinc Sulfate)
4 Nitric Acid Produces Nitrate Salts ONLY when neutralised
4.1 Nitric Acid reacts with alkalis to produce nitrates
4.2 Nitric Acid reacts with metals to produce NITROGEN OXIDES
5 Metals that are LESS reactive than hydrogen DON'T react with ACID

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