Health and the People part 4: Modern medicine

Frank Shrimpton
Mind Map by Frank Shrimpton, updated more than 1 year ago
Frank Shrimpton
Created by Frank Shrimpton over 1 year ago


The final part of the AQA History GCSE topic - Health and the People, covering medicine from the early 1900s to the present day. Colour coded to help with 16-markers. Enjoy! Still WIP.

Resource summary

Health and the People part 4: Modern medicine
  1. Treatment of disease
    1. New treatments
      1. Penicillin
        1. Targetted staphylococcus bacteria
          1. Hard to get rid of
            1. Killed many
            2. Discovery - 1928
              1. Had been discovered previously
                1. Lister
                  1. Sanderson
                    1. Nobody said anything about it
                      1. Lack of communication hindering medical progress
                    2. Alexander Fleming
                      1. Had some samples of staphylococcus lying around
                        1. Came back from holiday to find some of it had been killed
                          1. Realised it was penicillin fungus that had somehow gotten in
                        2. He wrote about the discovery but did nothing else
                          1. Bad public speaker - couldn't deal with critics
                        3. Rediscovery - 1930s
                          1. Florey and Chain
                            1. Stumbled upon Fleming's paper
                              1. Happened to have some mould in the building so why not try it out?
                                1. It was a success
                                  1. Tested it on mice
                                    1. They survived!
                              2. After their discovery, they wanted to be able to mass produce it
                                1. It would undoubtedly save many lives
                                  1. WWII was going on
                                    1. Soldiers would have benefitted a lot
                                  2. But they encountered many problems
                                    1. War meant very limited funds
                                      1. Given £25 by the Government
                                        1. Equivalent to £1500 today
                                      2. Very difficult to purify
                                        1. Didn't want it falling into German hands
                                          1. However, they managed to overcome these
                                            1. Went to US
                                              1. Joined Pfizer - pharmaceuticals company
                                                1. They had the means to mass-produce penicillin
                                                  1. Made it inexpensive
                                              2. Got enough to prove it works on a human
                                    2. Significance
                                      1. Helped many soldiers survive in WWII
                                        1. Started the major production of antibioics
                                          1. Saving many lives to this day
                                            1. Still going on
                                            2. Allowed people to focus on other things rather than this simple infection
                                              1. Pharmaceutical companies became big
                                                1. Became available to civilians quickly
                                          2. The effect of the wars
                                            1. WWI
                                              1. Problems caused
                                                1. Less funding at home
                                                  1. Lots of injuries
                                                    1. New, horrible wounds
                                                      1. Hospitals bombed
                                                      2. Where were the wounded cared for?
                                                        1. On the field
                                                          1. Stretcher-bearers
                                                      3. WWII
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