PSYCHOLOGY - SOCIAL INFLUENCE

Luka Matuzeviciute
Mind Map by Luka Matuzeviciute, updated more than 1 year ago
Luka Matuzeviciute
Created by Luka Matuzeviciute about 1 year ago
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mind map of social influence summary

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PSYCHOLOGY - SOCIAL INFLUENCE
  1. TYPES OF CONFORMITY AND EXPLANATIONS FOR CONFORMITY
    1. TYPES OF CONFORMITY
      1. EXPLANATIONS FOR CONFORMITY
        1. Normative Social Influence - conformity based on the desire for approval
          1. More likely to occur when individual believes they are under surveillance by the group
          2. EVALUATION
            1. Difficulties distinguishing between compliance and internalisation
              1. Research support for normative influence, e.g. smoking take-up (Linkenbach and Perkins)
                1. Research support for informational influence, e.g. attitudes about African Americans (Wittenbrink and Henley)
                2. FURTHER EVALUATION
                  1. Nolan et al. - people underestimate the impact of normative influence on their behaviour
                    1. Informational influence is moderated by type of task (Laughlin)
                  2. VARIABLES AFFECTING CONFORMITY
                    1. KEY STUDY (ASCH, 1956)
                      1. VARIABLES AFFECTING CONFORMITY
                        1. EVALUATION
                          1. FURTHER EVALUATION
                          2. CONFORMITY TO SOCIAL ROLES
                            1. KEY STUDY: THE STANFORD PRISON EXPERIMENT
                              1. BBC PRISON STUDY (REICHER AND HASLAM)
                                1. EVALUATION
                                  1. FURTHER EVALUATION
                                  2. RESEARCH ON OBEDIENCE
                                    1. KEY STUDY: MILGRAM (1963)
                                      1. SITUATIONAL FACTORS IN OBEDIENCE
                                        1. EVALUATION
                                          1. Ethical issues due to deception and lack of informed consent
                                            1. Internal validity - Orne and Holland claim many participants saw through the deception
                                              1. Individual differences - 8 out of 9 replications found no gender differences in obedience (Blass)
                                              2. FURTHER EVALUATION
                                                1. External validity - the obedience alibi (Mandel)
                                              3. EXPLANATIONS FOR OBEDIENCE
                                                1. THE AGENTIC STATE
                                                  1. LEGITIMACY OF AUTHORITY
                                                    1. EVALUATION
                                                      1. FURTHER EVALUATION
                                                      2. THE AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY
                                                        1. THE AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY
                                                          1. KEY STUDY: ELMS AND MILGRAM (1966)
                                                            1. EVALUATION
                                                              1. FURTHER EVALUATION
                                                              2. RESISTANCE TO SOCIAL INFLUENCE
                                                                1. SOCIAL SUPPORT
                                                                  1. LOCUS OF CONTROL
                                                                    1. EVALUATION
                                                                      1. FURTHER EVALUATION
                                                                      2. MINORITY INFLUENCE
                                                                        1. MINORITY INFLUENCE AND BEHAVIOURAL STYLE
                                                                          1. KEY STUDY: MOSCOVICI ET AL. (1969)
                                                                            1. EVALUATION
                                                                              1. FURTHER EVALUATION
                                                                              2. SOCIAL INFLUENCE PROCESSES IN SOCIAL CHANGE
                                                                                1. SOCIAL CHANGE THROUGH MINORITY INFLUENCE
                                                                                  1. SOCIAL CHANGE THROUGH MAJORITY INFLUENCE
                                                                                    1. EVALUATION
                                                                                      1. FURTHER EVALUATION
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