Patient fatima was brought in with confusion.
Previously she had polydipsia, polyuria, and
plyphagia. She also had weight loss, hypertension,
the only possible differential diagnoses are
the different types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes prevalence is increasing worldwide, compounded by
population growth and an aging population. In 1980, the global
age-standardized diabetes prevalence was 4.3%. In 2017, the global
age-standardized diabetes prevalence was estimated at 8.6%.
Type 1 diabetes results from an autoimmune disease that destroys beta cells in the pancreas that
produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes often presents on a background genetic predisposition and is
characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency.