LEDC Earthquake Case Study: Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Andrew_Ellinas
Mind Map by Andrew_Ellinas, updated more than 1 year ago
Andrew_Ellinas
Created by Andrew_Ellinas over 5 years ago
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Description

A Levels Geography (Physical Geography-A2 Case Studies) Mind Map on LEDC Earthquake Case Study: Port-au-Prince, Haiti, created by Andrew_Ellinas on 02/26/2015.

Resource summary

LEDC Earthquake Case Study: Port-au-Prince, Haiti
1 Causes
1.1 12th January 2010
1.1.1 16:53 local time
1.2 Conservative Plate Margin
1.2.1 North American and Caribbean plate slid past each other
1.3 Magnitude: 7
1.3.1 Epicentre was 15 miles away from
1.3.2 Shallow focus earthquake
1.3.2.1 13km deep
2 Effects
2.1 Social
2.1.1 200,000 deaths
2.1.1.1 Pancaking of buildings
2.1.1.1.1 Buildings weren't designed well-no cross bracing or steel struts installed into concrete walls
2.1.1.1.2 Responsible for deaths and people becoming trapped
2.1.2 1.5 million left homeless
2.1.3 300,000 injured
2.1.4 Outbreak of cholera claimed hundreds of lives
2.1.5 Prison destroyed releasing over 4,000 inmates
2.2 Environmental
2.2.1 Ground type was not suitable to build on
2.2.1.1 Loose sediments such as soil and sand-amplification occured
2.2.2 Took only 60 seconds to level city
2.2.3 Buildings built on land susceptible to earthquakes
2.2.4 Land movement generated localised tsunamis-killed a total of 7 people
3
4 Responses
4.1 Short Term
4.1.1 800,000 moved to aid camps
4.1.2 120,000 tens and over a million tarpaulin shelters provided
4.1.3 Lack of immediate aid, people relied on themselves
4.2 Long Term
4.2.1 Support for 70% Haitians through cash/food-for-work projects
4.2.2 Temporary schools created
4.2.3 Water and sanitation eventually supplied
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