Dust Bowl

Shelby Wood
Mind Map by Shelby Wood, updated more than 1 year ago
Shelby Wood
Created by Shelby Wood about 6 years ago
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Description

Dust Bowl of the 1930s (and now)

Resource summary

Dust Bowl
  1. Causes
    1. Drought
      1. Unwise farming practices
        1. Strong winds
        2. Responses
          1. Public
            1. Migration to the West Coast

              Annotations:

              • "Okies" - Relatives lived along the coast - States advertised agricultural jobs 7000 migrants each month *Florence Thompson (Migrant Mother)
              1. Riding the Rails and Hitchhiking

                Annotations:

                • 2 million men -> Hobos RAILS 6,500 killed in accidents or by "bulls" Dangerous HITCHHIKING Safer, legal
                1. Tall Tales about the Weather

                  Annotations:

                  • Jokes that are not meant to bring forth laughter to give a common ground for the sufferers Jokes that blur the pain and sharpen the hope 
                2. Government
                  1. "Report..." - Causes

                    Annotations:

                    • "Report of the Great Plains Drought Area Committee" August 1936 2 causes - Dry weather - unwise farming conditions Suggested teaching new farming practices
                    1. New Deal policies
                      1. CCC
                        1. AAA
                          1. FSA

                            Annotations:

                            • Farm Security Administration (1935/1937) Low-interest loans to tenant farmers Built model cooperative farmsteads
                            1. SCS

                              Annotations:

                              • Soil Conservation Service (1935)
                              1. REA
                              2. Brought awareness to irrigation
                                1. PWA and Kingsley Dam

                                  Annotations:

                                  • One of the largest earthen dams in the world Irrigation, electrical power, recreational (boating and fishing), eagle nesting Type of surface source
                                  1. Ogallala Aquifer

                                    Annotations:

                                    • Limited resource Type of underground source
                              3. Lasting Effects
                                1. Irrigation
                                  1. Farms get bigger
                                    1. Decline in # of farms

                                      Annotations:

                                      • Not a decline in amount of farmland, just a decline in the number of farms which means there are just a few larger farms than a lot of smaller ones
                                      1. Towns get smaller
                                      2. California (currently)
                                        1. Unemployment 11.9%
                                          1. 90% of Sierra Nevada snowpack gone by end of century
                                        2. Life
                                          1. SE Colorado, SW Kansas, OK and TX panhandle
                                            1. Black Sunday (April 14, 1935)
                                              1. 1932 - 14 storms 1933 - 28 storms
                                                1. Rainfall dropped 27.5%
                                                  1. School

                                                    Annotations:

                                                    • Cancelled Students kept overnight
                                                    1. "Dust Pneumonia" and Health Concerns
                                                      1. Extremely hot
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