Rebecca Harbury
Mind Map by , created over 4 years ago

Mind Map showing the topics of AS level philosophy.

Rebecca Harbury
Created by Rebecca Harbury over 4 years ago
Soul, Mind & Body
Oliver Downes
St Augustine
Heloise Tudor
Aggression mind-map for A2 AQA Psychology
The Prime Mover
Heloise Tudor
Philosophy- Arguments for/against God's existence
For and Against Anselm's Ontological Argument
Heloise Tudor
Assess the work of a significant figure in the campaign for racial equality
Rhiann .
AS Philosophy - Descartes' a Priori Reasoning
Georgia Stanley
1 Epistemology
1.1 Reason and Experience
1.1.1 Rationalism A priori Analytic Deductive At least some knowledge is known innately Innatism
1.1.2 Empiricism A posteriori Synthetic Inductive All knowledge is gained through experience Tabula rasa Locke Hume
1.1.3 Innate Concepts Maths Plato's Meno God Grammar
1.2 Definition of Knowledge
1.2.1 JTB Sufficient Gettier Jane's vase Necessary The self-doubting student
1.2.2 Gettier Man with ten coins Henry's barns
1.2.3 Additional conditions Causal condition Valid Justification
1.3 Theories of Perception
1.3.1 Direct Realism Being in direct contact with a mind independent reality Aristotle
1.3.2 Indirect Realism The Veil of Perception Primary Qualities Shape Size Movement Don't change Pass straight through the veil Secondary Qualities Colour Smell Sound Reflect off of the veil before being percieved Changable powers Locke Being in indirect contact with a mind independent reality Locke This can lead to sceptism about the existence of an external world
1.3.3 Idealism The only things that exist are minds and ideas I Think Therefore I Am
2 Philosophy of Religion
2.1 Arguments for the existence of God
2.1.1 Teleological A posteriori, synthetic and inductive Paley's Watch Analogy When walking upon a heath kicking stones, a man comes across a watch. He picks it up and admires it. He claims that this watch is so complex and intricate, that it must have had a designer, a watch-maker. He then thought about the world and in a similar way he said, the world is so complex that it too must have a designer, a world-maker, God. Against Evolution Provides an alternative theory as to how the world became so complex.
2.1.2 Ontological Analytic Against Kant Existence is not a predicate Guanilo's Island Anselm God is that than no greater can be concieved Real>Imaginairy Descartes God is perfect
2.1.3 Cosmological Kalam et al Everything that begins to exist has a cause, the universe began to exist, therefore something must have caused the universe. Relies on contingency Red Shift Against Brute fact What caused God? Aquinas
2.2 Implications of the existence of God
2.2.1 Problem of Evil 1. God is omnibenevolent 2. God is omnipotent 3. There is evil Therefore God does not exist Against Additional premises 1a. A good thing eliminates a bad thing as far as it can 2a. There is no limit to what an omnipotent thing can do 3a. Good is opposed to evil Therefore a good, omnipotent thing eliminates evil completely Therefore God does exist Omniscience God does not exist Free Will Defence The only way to make all good people, is to deny them free will. Natural Evil is due to fallen angels. Against Mackie Swinburne Evil exists for the greater good
2.2.2 Religious Language Verification If a statement cannot be proved analytically or empirically, then it is meaningless. Statement fails under it's own conditions Falsification The Gardener Two explorers came across a clearing. The first explorer saw the flowers and trees and said, "there must be a gardener of this beautiful garden". The second explorer sees the weeds and disagrees. They wait all day and all night, they set up electric fences and sniffer dogs. But the gardener doesn't show up. The first explorers is constantly adding attributes to his gardener, "He's invisible, unsmellable and intangible". The second explorer asks, "How is your invisible, unsmellable, intangible gardener any different from an imaginairy one?". Flew Cannot be falsified and so is meaningless Against The Partisan Mitchell During the time of a war a Partisan meets a stranger claiming to be the leader of the resistance. The stranger urges the Partisan to have faith in him, even if he is seen to be acting against the Partisan's interests. The Partisan is committed to a belief in the stranger's integrity, but his friends think that he is a fool to do so. The original encounter with the stranger gives the Partisan sufficient confidence to hold onto his faith in him. The Lunatic Hare Disproving something by proving it can't be James in the library
2.3 Attributes of God
2.3.1 Omnipotent


  • All powerfull The stone The square circle
2.3.2 Transcendent


  • Beyond any experience or concept In and Out of time
2.3.3 Euthyphro God < > Good