Milgram (obedience)


A2 level Psychology Mind Map on Milgram (obedience), created by eharveyhudl on 12/03/2015.
Mind Map by eharveyhudl, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by eharveyhudl about 8 years ago

Resource summary

Milgram (obedience)
  1. Procedure
    1. Lab experiment
      1. 40 males volunteered to take part on the study of how punishment affects learning
        1. Participants were the 'teacher' and the 'learner' was a confederate
          1. Instructed to deliver electric shocks if the learner got a question wrong
            1. The shocks increased by 15V each time, up to 450V
            2. Results
              1. All participants went to 300V
                1. 65% went all the way to 450V
                2. Variations
                  1. Experimenter gives instructions over the phone
                    1. In a run down office
                      1. Removing buffers
                      2. Evaluation
                        1. Internal validity
                          1. Orne and Holland - people have learned to distrust experimenters because they know the real aim is likely to be disguised. So in Milgram's study, Ps must have known they were not giving electric shocks
                          2. Deception and lack of informed consent
                            1. Participants were unaware of the real purpose, and therefore denied the right to give informed consent
                            2. Protection from harm
                              1. Milgram placed Ps under great emotional strain, causing them psychological harm.
                                1. Milgram argued that interviews after the study found no evidence of harm
                            3. Explanations of obedience
                              1. Gradual commitment
                                1. Legitimate authority
                                  1. Buffers
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