Basic Immunology Principles

Adylene Morales
Mind Map by Adylene Morales, updated 3 months ago More Less
Robyn Hokulani-C
Created by Robyn Hokulani-C almost 5 years ago
Adylene Morales
Copied by Adylene Morales 3 months ago
4
0

Description

Intro to Immunology

Resource summary

Basic Immunology Principles
1 Innate/Nonspecific Immune System
1.1 Born with it
1.2 First line of defense
1.3 Physical barriers such as skin
1.4 Chemical barriers and components in nasopharynx, guts, GI tract, and lungs
1.5 Inflammatory Responses
1.6 Monocytes (blood) will follow neutrophils to inflammatory sites
1.7 Macrophages from connective tissue, liver, lung, brain, spleen, bone marrow, and lymph nodes will ingest and destroy invaders within tissues
1.8 Natural Killer Cells or NK are a small subset of lymphocytes within lymph organs and blood that recognizes and destroys host cells infected with microbes or viruses. Activates phagocytes by interferon-y
1.9 Interferons are cytokines that ellicit cellular reactions that prevent viral replication
1.10 Complement Cascade is a group of proteins in the blood that consist of chemical reactions that consist of three pathways
2 Adaptive/Specific/Acquired Immune System
2.1 Humoral Component
2.1.1 B Lymphocytes
2.1.1.1 Produces immunoglobulins
2.1.1.1.1 Y shaped Molecules: igG, IgM, IgE, IgA, IgD
2.1.1.2 Secreted in body fluid or "humors"
2.1.1.3 Each time an antigen enters the body, the B cell reacts
2.1.1.4 Specific receptor to a specific antigen
2.1.1.5 Matures in the bone marrow
2.2 Cell-mediated Component
2.2.1 T Lymphocytes
2.2.1.1 Matures in the thymus
2.2.1.2 Specific receptor to specific antigen
2.2.1.3 Helper T Cells
2.2.1.3.1 Recognizes phagocytized antigens swallowed by antigen-presenting cell (APC) by releasing cytokines to further phagocytize ingested invaders
2.2.1.3.2 Helps B cells differentiate into anti-body producing cells
2.3 Reponds specifically to foreign substances
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Infectious diseases
Clare Yu
Immune system(II)
Clare Yu
Hypersensitivity
Maddie Geddes
CD4 T cells: The Master Controllers of the Immune System
Ifeoma Ezepue
How does the immune system recognise pathogens?
Ifeoma Ezepue
Why is immunology important?
Ifeoma Ezepue
Immune system
Clare Yu
How do we eliminate pathogens that live inside cells?
Ifeoma Ezepue
How do we eliminate pathogens that live outside cells?
Ifeoma Ezepue
Basic Immunology Principles
Mary Robinson
Basic Immunology Principles
Nicole Peruzzi