John Proctor

Mind Map by rebeccachelsea, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by rebeccachelsea about 5 years ago


GCSE Literature Mind Map on John Proctor, created by rebeccachelsea on 04/04/2015.

Resource summary

John Proctor
1 Summary
1.1 Seen as an outsider; he lives his own life and tries to avoid being part of rumours.
1.2 Due to the love affair he had with Abigail he seems mischievous and yet also wise.
1.3 He is a sinner in two ways: firstly because he rebels against society by conforming to his own rules and thus can be seen as a hero and second, and more importantly, he has sinned against his own values and his own standards of moral behaviour.
1.4 Proctor’s disgust at himself and the way that he tortures himself is partly what enables us to forgive him his affair.
1.5 John Proctor is Miller’s voice of reason and justice and if interpreted as a modern Greek tragedy, as Miller hoped it would be, the tragic hero.
1.6 He is able to discern the true from the false and the pure from the corrupt. However, his affair with Abigail Williams blemishes his heroic character and thus reminds us of his status as a common whilst also fuelling his dramatically powerful, self-loathing struggle against his past sins.
1.7 Any other smaller flaw that exists, such as his wild anger, feeds upon the guilt that results from the larger flaw, his affair with Abigail.
1.8 Proctor’s intelligence however, is ignored by the world around him and thus the consequences at the end of the play are a warning to his audience of the dire state that American politics is currently in.
2.1 Page 27 - "be you foolish Mary Warren? Be you deaf?"
2.1.1 Derogatory comments show he is a powerful master which emphasises Abigail's power over him as she could overcome this.
2.2 Page 51- " It's well seasoned."
2.2.1 He had previously tasted the food and seasoned it himself which implies arrogance. Miller includes minute detail to show the distrust between the pair. As he does not tell her about his changes to the food this proves his decietfulness and their lack of communication.
2.3 Page 55 - " I cannot speak but I am doubted every moment judged for lies, as though I come into a court when I come into this house."
2.3.1 Feels Elizabeth did not satisfy him how he wants and judges him so he blames her for driving him into Abigail's arms.
2.4 Page 75 - " we are what we always were, but naked now"
2.4.1 Say it facing the open sky, open to God's truth. It is a turn around with his realisation of what he must do and what his role has been in this.
2.5 Page 97 - " I have known her, sir. I have known her."
2.5.1 His concern for justice outstrips his concern for his own reputation.
2.6 Page 105 - "A fire, a fire is burning! I hear the boot of Lucifer, I see a filthy face! And it is my face, and yours, Danforth!..."
2.6.1 Hysteria in his speech reflects the hysteria in Salem.
2.7 Page 117 - "You are a—marvel, Elizabeth"
2.7.1 Reflects the progression in their relationship. At this moment, he seems to almost be in awe of Elizabeth and her strength. They no longer have trivial forced conversations, but this conversation is profoundly meaningful and deep.
2.8 Page 124 - "How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul; leave me my name!"
2.8.1 As he has sold away his soul, the element of him that truly mattered to him, all he has left is his name and thus he fights for it though subconsciously knowing that he is being irrational. However, he later realises that his empty shell of a name is not enough for him—he’d rather have his soul. This fact, leads to his death, but also makes him the tragic hero of Miller’s ‘The Crucible’.
3 Stage Directions
3.1 Page 28 - "the faintest suggestion of a knowing smile on his face"
3.1.1 He knows he is in the wrong and is trying to deny his own desire to sin.
3.2 Page 97 - "[trembling, his life collapsing about him]"
3.2.1 He mus sacrifice what he treasures most in his good reputation.
3.3 Page 125 - "[His breast heaving, his eyes staring, Proctor tears the paper and crumples it, and he is weeping in fury, but erect.]"
3.3.1 Proctor tearing the paper is significant as it is possibly the highest climactic point of this play. In order to save his integrity, his soul, Proctor surrenders the more materialistic element of himself—his physical body.
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