1.1 Seen as an
lives his own
life and tries to
avoid being part
1.2 Due to the love affair he
had with Abigail he seems
mischievous and yet also
1.3 He is a sinner in two ways: firstly because
he rebels against society by conforming to
his own rules and thus can be seen as a
hero and second, and more importantly, he
has sinned against his own values and his
own standards of moral behaviour.
1.4 Proctor’s disgust at himself
and the way that he
tortures himself is partly
what enables us to forgive
him his affair.
1.5 John Proctor is Miller’s voice
of reason and justice and if
interpreted as a modern
Greek tragedy, as Miller
hoped it would be, the tragic
1.6 He is able to discern the true
from the false and the pure from
the corrupt. However, his affair
with Abigail Williams blemishes
his heroic character and thus
reminds us of his status as a
common whilst also fuelling his
self-loathing struggle against his
1.7 Any other smaller flaw that
exists, such as his wild anger,
feeds upon the guilt that
results from the larger flaw,
his affair with Abigail.
1.8 Proctor’s intelligence however, is
ignored by the world around him
and thus the consequences at the
end of the play are a warning to his
audience of the dire state that
American politics is currently in.
2.1 Page 27 - "be you foolish
Mary Warren? Be you
2.1.1 Derogatory comments show he is a
powerful master which emphasises
Abigail's power over him as she
could overcome this.
2.2 Page 51- " It's well seasoned."
2.2.1 He had previously tasted the food
and seasoned it himself which
184.108.40.206 Miller includes minute detail to show the
distrust between the pair. As he does not tell her
about his changes to the food this proves his
decietfulness and their lack of communication.
2.3 Page 55 - " I cannot speak but I am
doubted every moment judged for
lies, as though I come into a court
when I come into this house."
2.3.1 Feels Elizabeth did not satisfy
him how he wants and judges
him so he blames her for
driving him into Abigail's
2.4 Page 75 - " we are
what we always
were, but naked
2.4.1 Say it facing the
open sky, open to
God's truth. It is a
turn around with
his realisation of
what he must do
and what his role
has been in this.
2.5 Page 97 - " I have
known her, sir. I
have known her."
2.5.1 His concern for
his concern for his
2.6 Page 105 - "A fire, a fire is
burning! I hear the boot of
Lucifer, I see a filthy face! And
it is my face, and yours,
2.6.1 Hysteria in his speech
reflects the hysteria in
2.7 Page 117 - "You are
2.7.1 Reflects the progression in their relationship. At
this moment, he seems to almost be in awe of
Elizabeth and her strength. They no longer have
trivial forced conversations, but this conversation
is profoundly meaningful and deep.
2.8 Page 124 - "How may I live
without my name? I have given
you my soul; leave me my
2.8.1 As he has sold away his soul, the element of
him that truly mattered to him, all he has
left is his name and thus he fights for it
though subconsciously knowing that he is
being irrational. However, he later realises
that his empty shell of a name is not enough
for him—he’d rather have his soul. This fact,
leads to his death, but also makes him the
tragic hero of Miller’s ‘The Crucible’.
3 Stage Directions
3.1 Page 28 - "the faintest
suggestion of a knowing smile
on his face"
3.1.1 He knows he is in
the wrong and is
trying to deny his
own desire to sin.
3.2 Page 97 - "[trembling, his life
collapsing about him]"
3.2.1 He mus sacrifice what he treasures most
in his good reputation.
3.3 Page 125 - "[His breast
heaving, his eyes staring,
Proctor tears the paper and
crumples it, and he is
weeping in fury, but erect.]"
3.3.1 Proctor tearing the paper is significant as
it is possibly the highest climactic point of
this play. In order to save his integrity, his
soul, Proctor surrenders the more
materialistic element of himself—his