Endocrine Drugs

Brandy Michelle
Mind Map by Brandy Michelle , updated more than 1 year ago
Brandy Michelle
Created by Brandy Michelle almost 5 years ago


Endocrine drugs

Resource summary

Endocrine Drugs
1 Diabetes
1.1 Type 1: Absence of insulin in the pancreas. Treatment is insulin replacement therapy
1.2 Type 2: Insensitivity of cells to insulin signaling. Treatment-exercise and diet to promote weight loss, insulin therapy and medications
1.3 Gestational: insensitivity of cells to insulin signaling during pregnancy. Treatment- blood glucose monitoring, diet, exercise, weight gain limitations and sometimes certain delivery requirements
1.4 Insulin
1.4.1 Rapid acting: onset 30 minutes, peaks in 30 minutes - 3 hours, works for 3-5 hours
1.4.2 Short acting: onset 30-60 minutes, peaks in 2-4 hours, works for up to 12 hours
1.4.3 Intermediate acting: onset 1 1/2-4 hours, peaks in 4-12 hours, work up to 24 hours
1.4.4 Long acting: onset .8 to 4 hours, does not have a peak, works up to 24 hours
1.4.5 Injection types: insulin pump or syringe
1.4.6 Treatment of hypoglycemia: giving carbohydrates or drinks with glucose (grape juice, soda)
1.5 Oral hypoglycemic medications: used in type 2, action-stimulate the beta cells in the pancreas to produce more insulin, types-secretagogues, sensitizers, mimetics, adverse effects-liver disease, severe infection, excessive alcohol intake, shock and hypoxemia
2 Thyroid Disorders
2.1 Hypothyroidism-inadequate production of thyroid hormones
2.2 Hyperthyroidism-excessive production of the thyroid hormone
2.3 Treatments: thyroid hormone replacement, thyroid hormone suppression
3 Adrenal disorders
3.1 Adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease): when the cortex does not produce enough adrenocortical hormones
3.2 Hypercortisolism (Cushing's Disease): presence of cortisol adenoma
3.3 Hyperaldosternism (Conn's Disease): adrenal glands produce excess aldosterone
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