Cold War

rb107983
Mind Map by rb107983, updated more than 1 year ago
rb107983
Created by rb107983 almost 5 years ago
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World History Mindmap about important events involving the Cold War.
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Cold War
1 Chinese Civil War
1.1 The Chinese Civil War started in the 1920s. The war was started because no one could decide if China would become a Communist nation or a democracy. It continued on and off again throughout World War II. The war was between the Communists and the Nationalists. The United States aided the Nationalists with massive economic loans but no military support. The civil war ended on October 1, 1949, when Mao Zedong declared the creation of the Peoples Republic of China (PCR).
2 Korean War
2.1 The Korean War began on June 25, 1950. It began when about 75,000 North Korean soldiers crossed over the 38th parallel, the boundary between North and South Korea. It was the first military action of the Cold War. The war was started because of Communist North Korea wanted to have the whole country together again under Communist rule. By July, American troops came to help South Korea. In July 1953, the Korean War ended. About 5 million soldiers and civilians lost their lives during the war. The Korean Peninsula is still divided today.
3 Marshall Plan
3.1 The Marshall Plan was signed on April 3, 1948 by President Truman. It was originally called the Economic Recovery Act of 1948. It was named the Marshall Plan after George Marshall, Secretary of State, who proposed that the US provide economic assistance to help bring back the economy from post-war Europe. It provided money to help rebuild Europe. It was proposed because of the vulnerability of Western Europe to Soviet expansion.
4 Truman Doctrine
4.1 On March 12, 1947, the Truman Doctrine was created by President Harry Truman. The Truman Doctrine established that the United States would provide military, political, and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces.The Truman Doctrine effectively reoriented US foreign policy away from its usual stance of withdrawal from regional conflicts not directly involving the United States, to one of possible intervention in far away conflicts.. The Truman Doctrine arose from a speech made by President Truman.
5 Berlin Airlift
5.1 After World War II, Germany was divided into different zones; one zone was the Soviet- zone and three other zones were for the United States, Britain, and France. The capital of Germany, Berlin, was also divided into four sections. The Soviet Union wanted Berlin all for themselves. They closed all railroads, highways, and canals from Western Germany to Western Berlin. This tactic, they believed, would drive out Britain, France, and the US out of the city for good. The US and allies decided to use an airlift to bring in supplies. This event was called the Berlin Airlift and it lasted for over year. .
6 Warsaw Pact
6.1 The Warsaw Pact was signed on May 14, 1955. It was created by the Soviet Union. This alliance was formed to counterbalance the NATO. It included multiple nations in Eastern Europe. Overtime, nations became dissatisfied with the Warsaw Pact, so they left the alliance. As more and more nations left, the alliance started to fall apart. The Warsaw Pact officially disbanded in March and July in 1991.
7 SEATO
7.1 The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was formed in September 1954 by the United States, Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand, and Pakistan. The purpose of this organization was to prevent communism from gaining ground in the region. Only two Southeast Asian nations joined. In 1970, multiple nations left the organization because they were unhappy with the United States involvement in the Vietnam War. By 1977, SEATO was formally disbanded.
8 NATO
8.1 NATO is short for North Atlantic Treaty Organization. NATO was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and multiple Western European nations. It was made to provide collective security against the Soviet Union. It was the first peacetime military alliance that the United States entered into outside the Western Hemisphere. The treaty was signed on April 4, 1949. The alliance is still together even today. It has 28 members (nations) in the alliance.
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